Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 6 Issue 11

17/11/2016

Alzheimer’s Disease Increases Fall-related Bone Fracture Hospitalization in Elderly Chinese

17/11/2016

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2016

Publicati0n type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Fall and fracture risks are higher for older adults with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) than for older adults without dementia. This study investigated AD relating to hospitalization due to fall-related bone fracture in elderly Chinese patients. The proportion of patients in the AD group hospitalized because of fall-related bone fracture was significantly higher than in the control group. AD may increase the incidence of hospitalization due to falls and bone fracture. Our findings suggest that preventing falls in AD patients may reduce the number of hospitalized AD patients.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effectiveness of falls prevention programs for reducing diabetic risk factors

17/11/2016

Source: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that increases falls risk in the elderly. Prevention programs with a component of weight-bearing exercises are effective in decreasing future falls. However, weight-bearing exercise was only recently recommended in guidelines for exercise for these patients. There have since been many studies evaluating the effectiveness of such programs on this population. Evidence suggests that people with T2DM and DPN can improve their balance and walking after a targeted multicomponent program, though it is yet unknown whether they resulted in a decreased falls risk in the community.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contract your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Pilot study for implementing an osteoporosis education and exercise program in an assisted living facility and senior community

17/11/2016

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 11th October, 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis.

 Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Prevention of falls, malnutrition and pressure ulcers among older persons – nursing staff’s experiences of a structured preventive care process

17/11/2016

Source: Online Open

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 12 October 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell:  A structured and systematic care process for preventive work, aimed to reduce falls, pressure ulcers and malnutrition among older people, has been developed in Sweden. The process involves risk assessment, team-based interventions and evaluation of results. Since development, this structured work process has become web-based and has been implemented in a national quality registry called ‘Senior Alert’ and used countrywide. The aim of this study was to describe nursing staff’s experience of preventive work by using the structured preventive care process as outlined by Senior Alert.

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library


Cost-effectiveness of a statewide falls prevention program in Pennsylvania: healthy steps for older adults

17/11/2016

Source: The American Journal of Managed Care

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 14th October 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Pennsylvania’s Department of Aging has offered a falls prevention program, “Healthy Steps for Older Adults” (HSOA), since 2005, with about 40,000 older adults screened for falls risk.

 Length of publication:  Two pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library


Preventing falls in assisted living: Results of a quality improvement pilot study

17/11/2016

Source: Geriatric Nursing 

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 21 October 2016 – epub ahead of print

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Residents of assisted living (AL) communities are at high risk for falls, which result in negative outcomes and high health care costs. Adapting effective falls prevention programs for AL quality improvement (QI) has the potential to reduce falls, improve resident quality of life, and reduce costs. This project tested the feasibility and outcomes of an evidence-based multi-component QI program, the Assisted Living Falls Prevention and Monitoring Program (AL-FPMP).

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Timed Up and Go predicts functional decline in older patients presenting to the emergency department following minor trauma

17/11/2016

Source: Age and Ageing

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 19, 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article aims to evaluate the relationship between the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and frailty, functional decline and falls in community dwelling elders that present to the ED following minor trauma.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Risk factors associated with falls in older adults with dementia: a systematic review

17/11/2016

Source: Physiotherapy Canada

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2016

 Publication type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: People with dementia fall more often than cognitively healthy older adults, but their risk factors are not well understood. A review is needed to determine a fall risk profile for this population. The objective was to critically evaluate the literature and identify the factors associated with fall risk in older adults with dementia.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Inpatient guide aims to reduce injury levels from trips and falls

17/11/2016

Source: Nursing Times

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 19 October, 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A guide for patients has been published to help prevent serious injury and unnecessary cost to the NHS caused by older people tripping or falling while in hospital.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local  Library.

 


Are district councils the key to unlocking hospital bed blocking?

17/11/2016

Source: Public Sector Executive

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: October/November 2016

 Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: Vulnerable and frail patients cannot be discharged if their homes are not suitable for them, or if the support is not there in the community for them. Long, unnecessary stays in hospital are not good for older people as they can become institutionalised too quickly.

 Length of publication: One page


Multicomponent training improves balance, strength in type 2 diabetes, peripheral neuropathy

17/11/2016

Source: Endocrine Today

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: October 17, 2016

 Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A targeted multicomponent program that includes functional strengthening exercises, walking, aerobics or tai chi can improve balance and strength for adults with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy, but long-term data are insufficient to determine whether any improvements reduce the risk for falls, according to researchers.

 Length of publication: One page


What are the short-term and long-term effects of occupation-focused and occupation-based occupational therapy in the home on older adults’ occupational performance? A systematic review

17/11/2016

Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 21 October 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review synthesizes and discusses evidence for the effectiveness of occupation-focused and occupation-based OT for older adults at home.

 Length of publication: 14 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Further dissemination

17/11/2016

If you think someone would benefit from receiving this posting, please email them the link to this blog and suggest that they sign up to the email newsletter to stay up to date with new content.