Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 6 Issue 12

19/12/2016

East Lancs Falls Response Service…keeping 900 patients out of hospital

19/12/2016

Source: The Academy of NHS Fabulous Stuff

Follow this link for the article

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Website news article

In a nutshell: Based at Burnley Ambulance Station in East Lancashire, an Occupational Therapist (Rachel Bedwell) and North West Ambulance Service paramedic (Gail Smith) respond to 999 and 111 calls triaged as ‘Green code – Falls with no apparent injury’.

The Falls Response Service – a one-of-a-kind in England – has attended 1,272 calls in the past 18 months and the intervention of a qualified OT has kept over 70% of patients in their own home rather than being transported to A&E.

Length of publication: 1 page


The degree of misjudgment between perceived and actual gait ability

19/12/2016

Source: Gait & posture, 2017, Vol 51 p. 275-280

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: January 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Carrying out motor tasks successfully means a person’s perception of their physical abilities must be integrated with a perception of the task itself. Geriatric decline in physical and cognitive abilities may lead to misjudgements and possibly errors leading to loss of balance. This study aimed to quantify how much older adults misjudge their actual gait ability. Better abilities did not appear to be associated with better judgement – in fact, a range of misjudgements showed. This could provide insight into the interplay between cognition and physical abilities, and add value towards fall prevention and promotion of healthy ageing.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Exergame technology and interactive interventions for elderly fall prevention

19/12/2016

Source: Applied Ergonomics, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Training balance and promoting physical activities in the elderly can contribute to fall-prevention. Due to the low adherence of conventional physical therapy, fall interventions through exergame technologies are emerging. This review study synthesized the available research on exergame technology and interactive interventions for fall prevention in the older population. The exergame intervention protocols and outcome measures for assessing intervention effectiveness varied, but the accumulated evidences revealed improved physical or cognitive functions. It remains inconclusive whether this intervention is superior to conventional physical therapy, and the effect mechanism of the exergaming on elderly’s balance ability is still unclear.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls in older adults

19/12/2016

Source: Medicine 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 24th November 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article is a concise reference that reviews the most recent evidence and covers the medical competencies on falls outlined in the Curriculum for General Internal Medicine (Acute) of the Federation of Royal Colleges of Physicians of the UK.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community

19/12/2016

Source: The Cochrane Library

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 4th November 2016

 Publication type: Systematic Reviews

In a nutshell: The aim of this review is to assess the effects (benefits and harms) of exercise interventions for preventing fall s in older people living in the community.

 Length of publication: 15 pages


An occupational therapy fall reduction home visit program for community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong after an emergency department visit for a fall

19/12/2016

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 17 November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The purpose of this article is to investigate the effects of an occupational therapy fall reduction home visit program for older adults admitted to the emergency department (ED) for fall and discharged directly home.

 Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Improving fidelity of translation of the stepping on falls prevention program through root cause analysis

19/12/2016

Source: Frontiers In Public Health 

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 14 November 12016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Fidelity monitoring is essential with implementation of complex health interventions, but there is little description of how to use results of fidelity monitoring to improve the draft program package prior to widespread dissemination. Root cause analysis (RCA) provides a systematic approach to identifying underlying causes and devising solutions to prevent errors in complex processes. Its use has not been described in implementation science.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Health benefits of tai chi: what is the evidence?

19/12/2016

Source: Canadian Family Physician 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article summarizes the benefits of tai chi in various conditions including falls.

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Evidence of compensatory joint kinetics on stairs in Parkinson’s disease

19/12/2016

Source: Gait and Posture, 2017, Vol 52 p. 33-39

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of pulication: February 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Using stairs requires larger joint movements than simply walking and preventing lower limb collapse depends on large enough movement in the hip, knee and ankle. However, people with Parkinson’s disease often can’t control their lower limbs which can increase fall risk. They also rely more heavily on knee extensor muscles which can provide them with an increased sense of stability.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Exercise and vitamin D reduce falls among institutionalised frail elderly

19/12/2016

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a serious problem among frail elderly people and prevention is an important health concern. This study compared the frequency of falls among institutionalised residents following different interventions: low-frequency exercise; vitamin supplementation; a combination of both. The results showed that combining the two interventions significantly reduced the risk of falls, whereas the other two groups did not show any significant difference.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Further dissemination

19/12/2016

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