Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 6 Issue 8

15/08/2016

Preventing falls for a person with dementia

15/08/2016

Source: Crisis Prevention Institute

Follow this link for the article

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: Falls are a danger to a person with dementia, and a cause of alarm to family and professional caregivers. Wherever the person lives, and no matter what stage of dementia the person is living with, falls must—and can—be prevented due to their high-risk status and the difficulty associated with recovery. Evidence indicates that multifactorial approaches are beneficial. Collaborating with an occupational therapist (OT) trained in dementia care is essential, as they will discover the client’s cognitive level and focus on remaining abilities, as well as task modification, environmental adaptation and enhanced communication.

Length of publication: 1 page


Decreasing falls with injury rates: development of a support staff falls advocate program

15/08/2016

Source: Nursing Care Quality

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls with injury are a persistent patient safety challenge in the acute care setting. This article describes the creation and implementation of a Certified Falls Prevention Advocate (CFPA) program on a medical-surgical unit.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Implementing exercise programs to prevent falls: systematic descriptive review

15/08/2016

Source: Injury Epidemiology

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016 Vol. 3 Iss. 16

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends exercise to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years at increased fall risk. However, little is known about how best to implement exercise programs in routine care when a patient’s need for exercise is identified within the healthcare system.

Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Designing a smart watch interface for a notification and communication system for nursing homes

15/08/2016

Source: Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Design for Aging

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2016

 Publication type: Book chapter

In a nutshell: Among the unique challenges faced by nursing homes is poor communication and notification. An analysis of the work system showed that a mobile device-based system that rely less on auditory display is promising. We proposed a smartwatch interface as part of communication and notification system for nursing homes. A user-centered design approach was adopted in the design and evaluation of the interface. The application integrates call light system, chair and bed alarms, wander guard, and calling for help functions and uses multi-modal interfaces to provide informative alarms for nursing home staff. Through a process of iterative testing and refinement with prospective users (through cognitive walkthrough, heuristic evaluation and usability testing of low-fidelity prototypes), a final design was well received by nursing experts in geriatric care and at local nursing homes. The effects of the system will be tested in the future using a high-fidelity prototype through simulation experiment.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


CSP members urged to make their mark on falls prevention initiative

15/08/2016

Source: Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 28th July 2016

 Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) will name 10 local authority teams in early September that it will work with on falls prevention.

 Length of publication: One page


CSP invites members’ comments on NICE falls and community engagement consultations

15/08/2016

Source: Chartered Society of Physiotherapy

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 29th July 2016

 Publication type: News article

In a nutshell: Physiotherapists should be asking older people about falls whenever they have routine reviews or health checks, as well as if they are admitted to hospital.

 Length of publication: One page


Daily-life gait quality as predictor of falls in older people: a 1-year prospective cohort study

15/08/2016

Source: PLOS ONE

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 7th July 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article attempts to determine the relationship between the likelihood of fall incidents and daily-life behavior.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Evaluation of the clinical utility of the Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool (HOME FAST)

15/08/2016

Source: Disability and Rehabilitation 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The HOME FAST was developed and trialled in Australia as a screening tool designed to be used by any health professional to identify older people at increased risk of falls and to facilitate referral for more detailed assessment and intervention. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of the HOME FAST from the perspective of users.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Reducing older people’s falls in the general practice ProAct65+ trial

15/08/2016

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2016, Volume 67 p. 46-54

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November-December 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are common in older people in the UK and NHS costs associated with these falls are high. Systematic reviews suggest that home exercise and group-based interventions focusing on progressively challenging balance and increasing strength, can reduce up to 42% of falls in those with a history. ProAct65+ was a large RCT which investigated the effectiveness of a home exercise programme and a group-based exercise programme compared to usual care. Home exercise appeared less effective than group exercise, but the latter also became less effective after 24 months if the exercise did not continue.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Results of a fall prevention educational intervention for residential construction

15/08/2016

Source: Safety Science, 2016, Vol 89 p. 301-307

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls from height remain the leading cause of fatalities in residential construction. This study used results from a comprehensive needs assessment to guide changes in fall prevention training in a joint union-contractor carpenter apprenticeship program. The revised training utilized hands-on, participatory training methods preferred by the learners to address the safety gaps in the curriculum; including ladder use, leading edge work, truss setting, and use of scaffolding and personal fall arrest. The revised training resulted in improved fall safety knowledge, self-reported worksite behaviours, risk perceptions, and safety climate, even after adjusting for temporal trends.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS library.


Risk factors for falls in people with lower limb amputation

15/08/2016

Source: PM&R, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review looked at the evidence connecting risk factors to falls in adults with a lower limb amputation. Risk factors include muscle weakness, increasing age, prescription medications and comorbidities. Risk factors specifically for amputees included reduced vibration sense. It found that falls are common from the time of amputation to years later in the community. Risk factors vary across care settings which has implications for safety and fall prevention strategies.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Further dissemination

15/08/2016

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