Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 7 Issue 3

17/03/2017
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Modified Delphi consensus to suggest key elements of stepping On falls prevention program

17/03/2017

Source: Frontiers In Public Health

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 20 February 2017

Publication type: News article

In a nutshell: Falls among older adults result in substantial morbidity and mortality. Community-based programs have been shown to decrease the rate of falls. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a research study to determine how to successfully disseminate the evidence-based fall prevention program (Stepping On) in the community setting. As the first step for this study, a panel of subject matter experts was convened to suggest which parts of the Stepping On fall prevention program were considered key elements, which could not be modified by implementers.

Length of publication: One page

 


The effect of complex falls prevention interventions on falls in residential aged care settings: a systematic review protocol.

17/03/2017

Source:  JBI Database of Systematic Reviews

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 2017 February vol. 15 is. 2 pps. 236-244

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of complex falls prevention interventions on fall reductions in the residential aged care population, implemented at two or more of the following levels: organization, facility or resident.Specifically the review question is: What is the effect of complex falls prevention interventions on falls in residential aged care settings?

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls and fractures: consensus statement

17/03/2017

Source: Government website, 2017

Follow this link for the document

Date of publication: January 2017

Publication type: Guidance

In a nutshell: Public Health England have published new guidance on falls and fractures around supporting commissioning for prevention. It outlines approaches to interventions and activities helping to prevent falls and fractures to improve health outcomes for older people


Falling while walking: a hidden contributor to pedestrian injury

17/03/2017

Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This Australian study looks at the fall risk to pedestrians, given how beneficial and sustainable walking is as a mode of transport. Falling while walking may be a significant contributor to pedestrian injuries (the World Health Organisation has identified falls as the second-leading cause of unintentional injury death in older people) but little research has looked into this issue.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Specifying the content of home-based health behaviour change interventions for older people with frailty or at risk of frailty: an exploratory systematic review

17/03/2017

Source: BMJ Open

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: February 2017,  vol. 7 iss. 17

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this article is to identify trials of home-based health behaviour change interventions for frail older people, describe intervention content and explore its potential contribution to intervention effects.

 Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


The role of vitamin D in maintaining bone health in older people

17/03/2017

Source: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 14 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review summarises aspects of vitamin D metabolism, the consequences of vitamin D deficiency, and the impact of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older age.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Acceptability of the 6-PACK falls prevention program: a pre-implementation study in hospitals participating in a cluster randomized controlled trial

17/03/2017

Source: PLOS One

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 15 February 2017

 Publication type:

In a nutshell: There is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions in the acute hospital setting. The 6-PACK falls prevention program includes a fall-risk tool; ‘falls alert’ signs; supervision of patients in the bathroom; ensuring patients’ walking aids are within reach; toileting regimes; low-low beds; and bed/chair alarms. This study explored the acceptability of the 6-PACK program from the perspective of nurses and senior staff prior to its implementation in a randomised controlled trial.

 Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


The efficacy of fall-risk-increasing drug (FRID) withdrawal for the prevention of falls and fall-related complications: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

17/03/2017

Source: BioMed Central Systematic Reviews

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 20 February 2017

 Publication type:  Journal article

In a nutshell: Despite limited evidence of effectiveness, withdrawal (discontinuation or dose reduction) of high risk medications known as “fall-risk increasing drugs” (FRIDs) is typically conducted as a fall prevention strategy based on presumptive benefit. Our objective is to determine the efficacy of fall-risk increasing drugs (FRIDs) withdrawal on the prevention of falls and fall-related complications.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


A CPD article improved Rose Gallacher’s knowledge of falls risk assessment tools for older

17/03/2017

Source: Nursing Standard

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2017 vol. 31 iss. 26

 Publication type: Journal article 

In a nutshell: A CPD article improved Rose Gallacher’s (who is a staff nurse at the Royal Alexandra Hospital, Paisley) knowledge of falls risk assessment tools for older patients.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


A narrative synthesis of nintendo Wii Fit gaming protocol in addressing balance among healthy older adults: what system works?

17/03/2017

Source: Games for Health Journal

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 22 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Balance is crucial in performing functional tasks particularly among older adults. Exergaming is gaining attention as a novel approach to enhance balance in a number of clinical populations. The aim of this review was to synthesize and present published evidence for Nintendo Wii Fit™ gaming system protocols. These include game preference, intervention setting, and exercise dosage for improving balance in healthy older adults. Commonly used outcome measures were also identified.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Otago exercise program in the United States: comparison of 2 implementation models

17/03/2017

Source: Physical Therapy

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication:  February 2017 vol. 97 iss. 2 pps. 187-197

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program delivered by a physical therapist in 6 visits over a year. Despite documented effectiveness, there has been limited adoption of the OEP by physical therapists in the United States. To facilitate dissemination, 2 models have been developed: (1) the US OEP provided by a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant in the home or outpatient setting and (2) the community OEP provided by a non–physical therapist and a physical therapist consultant. It is unknown whether such modifications result in similar outcomes.

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Postural stability in older adults with Alzheimer disease

17/03/2017

Source: Physical Therapy

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 16 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The prevalence of adults with Alzheimer disease (AD) aged >65 years is increasing and estimated to quadruple by 2051. The aim of this study was to investigate postural stability in people with mild to moderate AD and factors contributing to postural instability compared with healthy peers (controls).

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Further dissemination

17/03/2017

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