Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 7 Issue 5

17/05/2017
Advertisements

Home and community based occupational therapy improves functioning in frail older people: a systematic review

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of the American geriatrics Society

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 3rd April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of occupational therapy to improve performance in daily living activities in community-dwelling physically frail older people.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Trust to ‘pimp’ walking frames to try and reduce falls

17/05/2017

Source: Nursing Times

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 7th April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: One page

 Length of publication: The aim of the new programme is to create a culture where older patients take more ownership of their frames, encouraging them to use them rather than leave them by the bedside, said the trust.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


How to reduce falls: essential reading

17/05/2017

Source: Nursing Times

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 4th April 2017

 Publication type: Editorial 

In a nutshell: One in two women and one in five men over the age of 50 experience fractures, mostly as a result of low bone density.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Slow processing speed predicts falls in older adults with a falls history: 1-year prospective cohort study

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 8 April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A previous fall is a strong predictor of future falls. Recent epidemiologic data suggest that deficits in processing speed predict future injurious falls. Our primary objective was to determine a parsimonious predictive model of future falls among older adults who experienced ≥1 fall in the past 12 months based on the following categories: counts of (1) total, (2) indoor, (3) outdoor or (4) non-injurious falls; (5) one mild or severe injury fall (yes vs no); (6) an injurious instead of a non-injurious fall; and (7) an outdoor instead of an indoor fall.

 Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Using Tai Chi to reduce fall risk factors among older adults: an evaluation of a community-based implementation

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 11th April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aimed to evaluate a community-based implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention program, in which 131 individuals participated in Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance. Self-report and functional performance assessments included demographics, health and fall history, the Activities-Specific Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Functional Reach test. Pre–post scores were compared with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The mostly female participants were 73 years old, on average. At baseline, 18% reported being afraid or very afraid of falling, and 18% had fallen in the past 6 months. At follow-up, there was significant improvement in Timed Up and Go (p < .001), Functional Reach (p < .01), and Activities-Specific Balance Scale scores (p < .01). These results demonstrate that a 12-week evidence-based Tai Chi program can be feasibly implemented by novice instructors, is well-received by older adults, and can effectively reduce fall risk when implemented in community settings.

 Length of publication: 17 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.