Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 2 Issue 10

18/10/2012
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‘Magic carpet’ developed in Manchester can detect falls

18/10/2012

Source: E-Health Insider

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Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: Scientists in Manchester have developed a carpet that can detect subtle changes in a person’s walking habits, meaning that deterioration in an older person’s mobility can be monitored. The carpet uses optical fibres and tiny sensors to detect changes in pressure when stepped on, which are relayed to a computer that maps a 2D image of walking patterns. This could be incorporated into care homes and hospital wards to reduce the number of falls by the elderly.

Length of publication: 1 page


Interventions for preventing falls in older people in the community

18/10/2012

Source: The Cochrane Library

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Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Review

In a nutshell: This is an update of a review first published in 2009. This compares 159 trials for falls prevention interventions, including multifactorial interventions, group and home-based exercise, vitamin D supplementation, Tai Chi and other factors.

Length of publication: 404 pages (a 4 page summary is available)

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Gait impairment and falls in cognitively impaired older adults

18/10/2012

Source: Age and Ageing, 2012, 41 (5), p. 665-669

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study explored the associations between spatiotemporal gait and falls in older people who had a cognitive impairment, as well as investigating sensorimotor and neuropsychological factors to see if these mediate gait performance and falls. According to the study, slow and variable gait patterns increase the risk of falls in those studied, and the association between gait and falls appears to be mediated by reduced sensorimotor function.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of a multifactorial falls prevention program for stroke victims

18/10/2012

Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2012, 93 (9), p. 1648-1655

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This trial investigated if a multifactorial falls prevention program would reduce falls in stroke victims, and whether the program would leads to improvements in gait, balance, strength and fall-related efficacy. It found there to be no significant difference in fall rate, and no improvements were found.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Can depression predict falls in older people?

18/10/2012

Source: Age and Ageing, 2012, 41 (5) p. 606-612

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated whether depression can predict falls in community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, in addition to problems with vision, strength and balance. Depressive symptoms were found to be significantly more prevalent in those who experienced one or more falls compared to those who didn’t fall. The findings suggest that interventions to treat depression should be built into falls prevention strategies.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.