Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 2 Issue 12

14/12/2012
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Depressive symptoms may predict falls in older Taiwanese people

14/12/2012

Source: Age and Ageing, 2012, 41(5) p. 606-612

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated depressive symptoms in older, community-dwelling adults in Taiwan, to see if they had any effect on the prevalence of falls. The participants were tested for their sensorimotor, balance and mobility and then followed up over two years. Depressive symptoms were common in older people, and were associated with an increased risk of falls. Findings suggest that falls prevention strategies should include interventions for depression along with those for strength, balance and maximising vision.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of this article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Does neck pain influence sensorimotor function in the elderly?

14/12/2012

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2012, 55(3) p. 667-672

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: November 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: In this study, 20 people with neck pain and 20 people without (the control group), each consisting of over 65s from the community, were tested for various sensorimotor functions. Those with neck pain were found to function worse in the tests after controlling for effects of age and comorbidities, which may mean information from the cervical spine may be altered going to the body. These findings may inform falls prevention and management programmes.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Exercise for patients with osteoporosis: trunk strengthening for falls prevention

14/12/2012

Source: PM&R, 2012, 4(11) p. 882-888

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: November 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Exercise is part of the management of patients with osteoporosis and is associated with better quality of life and lower risk of future fracture. An exercise programme needs to address flexibility, muscle strength, core stability and gait steadiness, which also need to be individualised. To address falls and fractures, an exercise programme should include balance and lower extremity training. The SPEED programme can also improve extensor strength, the level of physical activity and locomotion, and reduce back pain and the fear and risk of falls.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Identifying high risk fallers in residential care facilities

14/12/2012

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2012, 55(3) p. 690-695

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: November-December 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aimed to develop a simple screen using easily collectable measures to identify older people in residential care facilities at a high risk of falls. Fallers and non-fallers were observed for baseline recordings on medical history, medication use, cognition, function and behaviour, and then falls and injuries were recorded over six months. Fallers were found to have worse function, cognition, behaviour and balance and also took more medication. Falling in the past year and antidepressant use were also associated with increased chance of falling. This tool may assist in guiding the development and targeting of interventions to prevent falls.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of this article. Follow this link for your local NHS Library.


Use of Predict FIRST to predict falls in stroke patients

14/12/2012

Source: Clinical Rehabilitation, 2012, 26 (12)

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: November 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The Prediction of Falls In Rehabilitation Settings Tool (Predict FIRST) can be used alongside motor function to identify those most at risk of falls in the six weeks following a stroke. This study compared this tool to the real falls frequency to test its accuracy. While Predict FIRST has the ability to make good predictions, it was found to underestimate the risk of falls overall.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes:  Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of this article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.