Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 3 Issue 2

15/02/2013

A survey on fall detection: principles and approaches

15/02/2013

Source: Neurocomputing, 2013, vol 100, p. 144-152

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Technology used for falls detection and surveillance is always in demand, as an effective fall detection system provides urgent support and reduces healthcare costs associated with falls. This paper surveys different systems for detecting falls, putting them into three separate categories: wearable device based, ambient device based and vision based. It compares them with each other and suggests inspiration for future work.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Filming the circumstances of falls in elderly people in care

15/02/2013

Source: The Lancet, 2013, 381 (9860), p. 47-54

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This observational study was carried out over three years in Canada, using video cameras to film the circumstances of falls by long-term care residents. The objective was to record objective evidence as to how and why falls occur in this population. The study found the most frequent cause of falling was the shifting of weight incorrectly, followed by a trip or stumble, hits/bumps, loss of support and collapse. Slips accounted for only a very minor proportion. These results are aimed at providing more valid and effective approaches to balance assessment and falls prevention in long-term care.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Does impaired gait contribute to cognitively impaired elders’ falls risk?

15/02/2013

Source: Gait & Posture, 2013, 37 (1), p. 126-130

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated whether gait under simple of dual conditions could predict the risk of falls in older adults who are cognitively impaired, for a period of 12 months. The participants had various levels of impairment, and were asked to walk at their preferred speed. Some were also asked to hold a glass of water, and others were asked to count backwards from 30. Analysis showed that those who had fallen multiple times used a slower gait with a shorter length, amongst other things. However, there was no correlation between gait condition and faller status for any gait variables.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Malnutrition may increase risk of falls in the elderly

15/02/2013

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2013, 56 (1), p. 265-269

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January-February 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Elderly people with long term conditions frequently fall, causing further health consequences. This study was designed to explore the relationship between malnutrition, activity and fall in Dutch residents of a long term care facility, and to test whether nutritional supplements affected the relationship. It found that malnourished residents were more likely to fall and tended to be more inactive than non-malnourished residents. It also found that malnourished residents who received nutritional intervention had a lower risk of falls.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow thislink to find your local NHS Library.


Prevalence and predictors of falls and dizziness in the elderly

15/02/2013

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2013, 56 (1), p. 160-168

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January-February 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This Swedish study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of falls in the elderly. It was conducted over a six year period and recorded socio-demographics, physical function, health complaints, cognition, quality of life and medications. The prevalence of falls was recorded separately for those under 80 compared to those 80+, and showed that since falls and dizziness are persistent in those over 80, they should be treated as chronic conditions.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Risk factors for older people in nursing homes and hospitals

15/02/2013

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2013

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: Online January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review looked at risk factors for falls in nursing home residents and hospital inpatients. A range of factors were found, including mobility, sensory, medical factors and medication. Women were found to have a slightly decreased risk, but falls have a multifactorial aetiology. The history of falls, use of walking aids and disability are strong predictors of future falls.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Can treadmill-slip training prevent a fall following a sudden slip?

15/02/2013

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2013, 46 (1), p.63-69

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated whether indirect treadmill-slip training would be as effective as direct over-ground-slip training in preventing falls from sudden (novel) slips. It tested two groups of young adults, one of which did treadmill-slip training, the other did only over-ground-slip training. It found that treadmill training could produce a reduction in falls.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall prevention and management in older people conference

15/02/2013

Source: Healthcare Conferences Uk

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Website

in a nutshell: Bookings are open for a conference in London on Wednesday 17th April 2013.  The conference aims to point out that falling does not inevitably come with ageing, and with the right knowledge and support the elderly can stay active and be prevented from falling.

Length of publication: 1 page


Investment to prevent falls

15/02/2013

Source: This is Cornwall

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: NHS Kernow, the CCG for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, is investing money in new programmes for balance and stability control to reduce the risk of falls in those who have spent a long period in hospital. Volunteers are being trained to help people at greater risk of falling to avoid potentially devastating injuries.

Length of publication: 1 page


Further dissemination

15/02/2013

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