Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 3 Issue 6

17/06/2013

Conference: falls prevention and management in older people

17/06/2013

Source: Nursing Events

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Date of publication: May 2013

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: This Nursing Events conference in Manchester focuses on reducing falls and injuries in the over 65s, a key health improvement indicator in the public health outcomes framework for 2013-2016, and on implementing the revised NICE Guidelines for falls, due out later this year.

Length of publication: 1 page


Adherence to group exercise interventions for the prevention of falls

17/06/2013

Source: Journal of Physiotherapy, 2013, 59(2) p. 81-92

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Date of publication: June 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review looks at what factors are associated with older adults adhering to group exercise interventions to prevent falls, with a focus on the relationship between adherence and the efficacy of the intervention. Lower levels of adherence were associated with interventions with a duration of 20 or more weeks, two or fewer sessions per week or a flexibility component.

Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Imbalance and fall risk in multiple sclerosis

17/06/2013

Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 2013, 24(2) p. 337-354

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Date of publication: May 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Multiple Sclerosis sufferers fall frequently due to impaired balance and walking. Therefore high quality measures of balance and fall risk are essential for identifying those in need of interventions in these areas as well as the most suitable interventions. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is recommended here.

Length of publication: 17 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of fall injury type on mortality and hospitalisation

17/06/2013

Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2013, 50 p. 887-894

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Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This longitudinal Taiwanese study found that traumatic brain injuries after falling were most likely to result in death or hospital admissions, while people with hip and vertebral fractures were most likely to improve during the year after injury. Nursing home care is more likely to result in death or hospital admissions than home care. As well as primary fall prevention techniques, more research on mechanisms leading to traumatic brain injuries during a fall is needed to improve secondary fall prevention programmes for older people.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls prevention best practice from an occupational therapy perspective

17/06/2013

Source: The Health Foundation Patient Safety Resource Centre

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Date of publication: May 2013

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: This is a discussion paper which provides an overview of the ways that occupational therapists can help older people at risk of falls, with an emphasis on those living in the community. Around 30% of community-based over 65s experience a fall each year, rising with age, and around 20% of these require some sort of medical attention.

Length of publication: 6 pages


Too many older people falling due to bad eyesight

17/06/2013

Source: The College of Optometrists website

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Date of publication: May 2013

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: According to new research published by the College of Optometrists in the run up to Falls Awareness Week (see this bulletin’s last issue), the majority of people are unaware of the link between poor eyesight and falls in older people. Failing eyesight should not be taken as an inevitable consequence of ageing, though there are simple steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of vision-related falls. Raising awareness of perks for the elderly such as free eye tests for the over 60s and eye tests at home is essential to reduce the risks of eyesight-related falls.

Length of publication: 1 page


Neurovascular assessment post femoral nerve block: implications on fall prevention

17/06/2013

Source: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing, 2013, 17(2) p. 99-105

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Date of publication: May 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Femoral Nerve Blocks have become widely used to reduce pain after joint replacement surgery, and are directly linked to a reduction in drug-related side-effects. However, ineffectual assessment of residual nerve blocks can result in patients falling or having a near miss. The paper re-examines the assessment tool used and recognises potential interventions that might ensure patient safety.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effectiveness of the Chaos Falls Clinic programme in preventing falls

17/06/2013

Source: Injury, online

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Date of publication: April 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Multifactorial falls interventions may result in a significant reduction in falls, but their effectiveness at reducing injuries in centre-based falls clinics is unclear. This randomised controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of a multifactorial falls prevention programme on the rate of falls and related injuries on home-based older people. The programme was found to be effective in preventing falls in older adults, reducing the rate of falls and injuries by up to 30%.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Associated factors for falls in Taiwanese men in Veterans homes

17/06/2013

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2013, 7(2) p. 80-84

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Date of publication: June 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and frequency of falls and identified the associated factors of falls among aged Taiwanese men. It showed that there are several independent variables for predicting falls including advanced age, stroke and depression status. Depression is the only factor capable of predicting recurrent falls.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall-related fracture trends among the elderly in Sweden

17/06/2013

Source: Journal of Safety Research, 2013, 45, p. 141-145

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: June 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study explored Swedish trends in fall-related fractures between 1998 and 2010. It looked at different groups of elderly people and the incidence of different types of fracture in each. It found more serious fractures were decreasing, especially hips fractures which had been focused on more, whereas less serious fractures were increasing and there was less focus on them. It also indicated an impact on industry where healthier younger elderly people and more frail older elderly people needed better healthcare, but for less serious injuries.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.