Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 3 Issue 9

24/09/2013

Safer Healthcare Now webinar now available online

24/09/2013

Source: Safer Healthcare Now website

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: June 2013

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: This webinar looks into new developments in best practice for falls in Canada, and features guest speakers who are experts in the field of falls and injury prevention. The website includes links to the video and the presentation.

Length of publication: 1 page


Stress increases chances of falling

24/09/2013

Source: Age and ageing, 2013 (online)

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This prospective study investigated the association between major life events/sudden emotion stress and fall and fracture risk. It found that stressful life events were associated with falls, especially multiple falls, even adjusting for age, diseases, past falls, depression and other such risk factors. Risk of falling increased with the number of types of stressful life events. The study concluded that stressful life events significantly increased the risk of falls independent of other risks, but did not independently increase risk of fractures.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The effect of ACE inhibitors on muscles to prevent falls

24/09/2013

Source: Age and Ageing, 2013, 42, Supplement 3, abstract 89

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: August 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Ageing causes loss of muscle mass and function, which can be a major cause of falls, disability and morbidity. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors, ACEi) have already been shown to improve physical function in older people and evidence suggests they may improve exercise training response. This study was designed to examine the effects of ACEi therapy on older peoples’ exercise training.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Unable to get up after falling – what should we do?

24/09/2013

Source: ProFaNE website

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: August 2013

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: This article, originally from the AgeUK website, asks whether more can be done to get rid of the worst case fall scenario: a vulnerable older person falls and is unable to call for help. The person is therefore being left lying on the floor alone for long periods. Topics include not using fall alarms, and the common scenario where care is provided but some aspects aren’t considered and care is not joined up.

Length of publication: 1 page


The cost of falls prevention in Torbay

24/09/2013

Source:  ProFaNE website

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: August 2013

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: This publication, from The King’s Fund, lists number of incidents and their associated costs in one area of England. It explores not just the costs associated with incidents, but also ongoing care costs and how they are distributed between different care providers such as hospitals and social care systems.

Length of publication: 1 page


How cost-effective are shock-absorbing hospital floors to prevent fall injuries?

24/09/2013

Source: Age and Ageing, 2013, online

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: July 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This analysis drew information from a randomised controlled trail as well as wider literature, and looked into the cost-effectiveness of installing shock-absorbing floors into hospitals for older people. Initial results show such floors can be cost-effective in reducing falls injuries, but further research is needed to deduce whether the floors cause a higher fall rate.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important information: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Trials of floors to reduce elderly falls injuries in wards

24/09/2013

Source: Age and Ageing, 2013, 42 (5) p. 633-640

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This English randomised controlled trial looked into fall injury rates for shock-absorbing flooring in wards for the elderly, as well as severity of injury, fall rate and adverse events. It also gives recommendations for future research.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Grip strength among older people in different healthcare settings

24/09/2013

Source: Age and Ageing, 2013, online

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: August 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Low muscle strength causes many different problems among the elderly, and has been well documented in those living at home. This study investigates its epidemiology in older people who are in rehabilitation or long-term care. It found that older people living in the community had higher grip strength than people in care, and that grip strength also varied widely between healthcare settings. This research will have implications on falls research.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Preventing falls in care homes: a question of balance

24/09/2013

Source: Geriatric Medicine, 2013

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: July 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The elderly are three times more likely to suffer from a fall when in a care home compared to living in their own home. Due to fears of litigation from injuries, staff are likely to restrict movement of people in their care, but this also has the effect of restricting their freedom and quality of life. This article discusses ways around this problem.

Length of publication: 1 page


Benzodiazepines should be avoided by older people

24/09/2013

Source: Age and Ageing, 2013, online

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: July 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article drew research from two different studies to compare whether long-acting benzodiazepines (LBs) create a higher risk of falls in the elderly than short-acting benzodiazepines (SBs). It found that SBs do not lower the risk of falls any more than LBs, and recommends strongly discouraging the use of both in the elderly.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Further dissemination

24/09/2013

If you think someone would benefit from receiving this posting, please email them the link to this blog and suggest that they sign up to the email newsletter to stay up to date with new content.