Tackling the challenge of the aging society: detecting and preventing cognitive and physical decline through games and consumer technologies

16/06/2017

Source: Health Information Research

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Date of publication: April 2017  vol. 23 iss. 2 pp. 87-93

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study seeks to review some of the approaches employed to address health and well-being issues in the elderly population.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 

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Falls prevention interventions in older adults with cognitive impairment

15/06/2015

Source: International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation

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Date of publication: June 4th 2015 volume 22 issue 6 pps. 289-296

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A critical review which explores the review of material on falls prevention interventions in older adults with cognitive impairment, such as dementia.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Altered visual–spatial attention to task-irrelevant information is associated with falls risk in older adults

16/01/2014

Source: Neuropsychologia

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Date of publication: December 2013 51(14) pages 3025–3032

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A study which examines the association between visual–spatial attention to task-irrelevant stimuli and falls risk in community-dwelling older adults.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The relationship among falls, rehabilitation outcomes and health services use

13/12/2013

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2013, Vol 14 no 11 p. 832-836

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Date of publication: November 2013

Publication Type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looked at determining the characteristics associated with single and multiple fallers in a post-acute rehabilitation centre. It found that the majority of fallers were older males who were frail and suffered cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms. Multiple fallers were particularly at risk of poor functional recovery and increased health service use. Specific programs targeting these patients should be developed in further studies.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact you local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Emerging concept: ‘central benefit model’ of exercise in falls prevention

16/05/2013

Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013, 47 (2) p. 115-117

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Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are the third leading cause of chronic disability worldwide, and are not random events. They occur, at least in part, due to impaired balance or cognitive processes. There is evidence that targeting exercise is an effective intervention, the accepted dogma behind this being that improved physical function, balance and muscle strength underlies the effectiveness of the exercise in reducing falls. However, findings from RCTs suggest that exercise reduces falls via mechanisms other than improved physiological function: cognitive (eg executive) functions may be an important mechanism by which exercise reduces falls.

Length of publication: 2 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Does impaired gait contribute to cognitively impaired elders’ falls risk?

15/02/2013

Source: Gait & Posture, 2013, 37 (1), p. 126-130

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Date of publication: January 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated whether gait under simple of dual conditions could predict the risk of falls in older adults who are cognitively impaired, for a period of 12 months. The participants had various levels of impairment, and were asked to walk at their preferred speed. Some were also asked to hold a glass of water, and others were asked to count backwards from 30. Analysis showed that those who had fallen multiple times used a slower gait with a shorter length, amongst other things. However, there was no correlation between gait condition and faller status for any gait variables.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Gait impairment and falls in cognitively impaired older adults

18/10/2012

Source: Age and Ageing, 2012, 41 (5), p. 665-669

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study explored the associations between spatiotemporal gait and falls in older people who had a cognitive impairment, as well as investigating sensorimotor and neuropsychological factors to see if these mediate gait performance and falls. According to the study, slow and variable gait patterns increase the risk of falls in those studied, and the association between gait and falls appears to be mediated by reduced sensorimotor function.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.