Effects of an ICT-based fall-prevention system in community-dwelling older adults

16/06/2017

Source: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2017, Vol 106 p. 10-25

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Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A sedentary lifestyle and low levels of physical activity are major factors in fall risk for older adults. ICT-based interventions could possibly counteract the risk for this group, as studies show that such interventions significantly reduce it. However, this population is heterogeneous, and several factors (such as gender, age, fitness and others) may influence the use of these systems. This study analyses the iStoppFalls system, testing effectiveness and usage indicators, among other things.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Modified Delphi consensus to suggest key elements of stepping On falls prevention program

17/03/2017

Source: Frontiers In Public Health

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Date of publication: 20 February 2017

Publication type: News article

In a nutshell: Falls among older adults result in substantial morbidity and mortality. Community-based programs have been shown to decrease the rate of falls. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a research study to determine how to successfully disseminate the evidence-based fall prevention program (Stepping On) in the community setting. As the first step for this study, a panel of subject matter experts was convened to suggest which parts of the Stepping On fall prevention program were considered key elements, which could not be modified by implementers.

Length of publication: One page

 


Can peer education improve beliefs, knowledge, motivation and intention to engage in falls prevention amongst community-dwelling older adults?

21/02/2017

Source: European Journal of Ageing 

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Date of publication: 3rd January 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering a contemporary peer-led falls prevention education presentation on community-dwelling older adults’ beliefs, knowledge, motivation and intention to engage in falls prevention strategies.

 Length of publication: 13 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Changes in physical activity, sedentary time and risk of falling

27/01/2017

Source: Preventive Medicine, 2017, Vol 95 p. 103-109

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Date of publication: February 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falling significantly affects quality of life, morbidity, and mortality among older adults. This study sought to evaluate the prospective association between sedentary time, physical activity, and falling among post-menopausal women aged 50–79 years recruited to the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998 in the US. It followed recreational physical activity, sitting, sleeping and lean body mass. Falls per year were assessed annually. It found that physically active lifestyles increased falling amongst post-menopausal women. Additional fall prevention strategies, such as balance and resistance training, are needed to prevent diseases caused by inactivity.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Can peer education improve beliefs, knowledge, motivation and intention to engage in falls prevention amongst community-dwelling older adults?

27/01/2017

Source: European Journal of Ageing

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication:

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of delivering a contemporary peer-led falls prevention education presentation on community-dwelling older adults’ beliefs, knowledge, motivation and intention to engage in falls prevention strategies.

 Length of publication: 13 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community

19/12/2016

Source: The Cochrane Library

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Date of publication: 4th November 2016

 Publication type: Systematic Reviews

In a nutshell: The aim of this review is to assess the effects (benefits and harms) of exercise interventions for preventing fall s in older people living in the community.

 Length of publication: 15 pages


Pilot study for implementing an osteoporosis education and exercise program in an assisted living facility and senior community

17/11/2016

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

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Date of publication: 11th October, 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis.

 Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Timed Up and Go predicts functional decline in older patients presenting to the emergency department following minor trauma

17/11/2016

Source: Age and Ageing

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Date of publication: October 19, 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article aims to evaluate the relationship between the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and frailty, functional decline and falls in community dwelling elders that present to the ED following minor trauma.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Identifying motivators and barriers to older community-dwelling people participating in resistance training: a cross-sectional study

19/10/2016

Source: Journal of Sports Science 

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Date of publication: 25th August 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Participation rates of older people in resistance training (RT) are low despite increasing research showing many health benefits. To increase the number of older people participating in RT it is important to know what would motivate people to become involved, what motivates those who participate to continue, and the factors preventing many older people from commencing participation.

 Length of publication: ten pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Implementing an evidence-based fall prevention intervention in community senior centers

19/10/2016

Source: The American Journal of Public Health 

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Date of publication: 15  September 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of implementing an evidence-based fall prevention intervention in community senior centers.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Reducing older people’s falls in the general practice ProAct65+ trial

15/08/2016

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2016, Volume 67 p. 46-54

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Date of publication: November-December 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are common in older people in the UK and NHS costs associated with these falls are high. Systematic reviews suggest that home exercise and group-based interventions focusing on progressively challenging balance and increasing strength, can reduce up to 42% of falls in those with a history. ProAct65+ was a large RCT which investigated the effectiveness of a home exercise programme and a group-based exercise programme compared to usual care. Home exercise appeared less effective than group exercise, but the latter also became less effective after 24 months if the exercise did not continue.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fear of falling as a risk factor of mobility disability

25/07/2016

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2016, Vol 66 p. 147-153

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Date of publication: September-October 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Fear of falling is a common health problem among older adults. The relationship between FoF and limitation on daily activities has been reported, but FoF’s relationship to mobility disability is not yet fully understood. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between FoF and mobility disability among community-dwelling older adults and explored the differences in this relationship among socio-culturally diverse sites.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall risk post-stroke: Examining paretic limbs around forward gait slips

25/07/2016

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2016, online

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Date of publication: June 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Community-dwelling stroke survivors show a high incidence of falls with unexpected external perturbations during dynamic activities like walking. Previous evidence has demonstrated the importance of compensatory stepping to restore dynamic stability in response to perturbations in hemiparetic stroke survivors. However, these studies were limited to either stance perturbations or perturbation induced under the unaffected limb. This study aimed to compare the differences, if any, between the non-paretic and paretic sides in dynamic stability and protective stepping strategies when exposed to unexpected external perturbation during walking.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Prevention of falls in older people living in the community

23/05/2016

Source: The BMJ

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Date of publication: 28 April 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review integrates current knowledge on assessment and management strategies to prevent falls in older people living in the community, and summarizes known risk factors for falls in this population and presents assessment strategies that can be used to assess the risk of falls. It discusses the management of risks and interventions to reduce falls among older people in the community, as well as future directions and promising approaches.

Length of publication: 13 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.