Video games for senior citizens to prevent falls

16/02/2016

Source: Trustech: the North West NHS innovation service

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Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: An innovation from Trafford Hospitals (CMFT) and the University of Manchester will help to reduce the number of falls in the older population. Exergames utilises Microsoft Kinect gaming technology to help improve strength, co-ordination and movement of its target users; elderly people at risk from falls.

Length of publication: 1 page


Strength or power, which is more important to prevent slip-related falls?

15/10/2015

Source: Human Movement Science, 2015, Vol 44  p. 192-200

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Date of publication: December 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Both muscle strength and muscle power have been related to falls in older adults, and this study aimed to identify which is more important in preventing slip-related falls. Younger adults were chosen to participate in the study. Findings suggested that power could be more closely related to a slip fall. The findings could be used to provide guidance to identify individuals at increased risk of falling and design effective prevention training paradigms aimed at maximising muscle power among older adults and those with disabilities.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall rates in hospital rehabilitation units after individualised education programmes

15/05/2015

Source: The Lancet, 2015, online

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Date of publication: April 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are the most frequent adverse events that are reported in hospitals. The effectiveness of individualised falls-prevention education for patients were examined, supported by training and feedback for staff, delivered as a ward-level programme. Eight rehabilitation units in general hospitals in Australia participated. Individualised patient education programmes combined with training and feedback to staff added to usual care were found to reduce the rates of falls and injurious falls in older patients in rehabilitation hospital-units.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Pilates training on physical fitness and wellbeing in the elderly

17/04/2015

Source: Preventive Medicine, 2015, Vol 75 p. 1-11

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Date of publication: June 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review aims to summarize the effects of Pilates exercise training (PET) in an elderly population on physical fitness, balance and fall prevention, and its effects on mood states, quality of life and independence in the daily living activities. PET should be taken into account as a way to improve quality of life in the elderly, due to the imparted benefits of fall prevention, physical fitness, and mood states.

Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of Alexander Technique on Gait Behaviour in Older Adults

17/02/2015

Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2015 (online)

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Date of publication: January 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Age-related changes in gait can produce a heightened fall risk, which is a serious health issue faced by older adults. The Alexander Technique is thought to improve balance and motor function, but its effect on gait has not been studied, which this study sought to correct. The findings suggest superior control of dynamic stability during gait and potentially reduced fall risk, which warrant further study.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effect of Pilates exercise for improving balance in older adults

15/01/2015

Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2014, online

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review investigated the effect of Pilates on balance and falls in older adults, and whether programmes tested in previous studies met best practice recommendations. The review notes a lack of high quality studies in this field, but the evidence available showed that Pilates can improve balance, which is a significant risk factor for falls in older adults. However, there is limited data on the impact of falls, and effects may have been overestimated due low quality of methodology in previous studies.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Exercise-based falls prevention programmes decrease fall-related injuries

12/11/2014

Source: Evidence Based Nursing, 2014, Vol 17 p. 125

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Date of publication: October 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This is a commentary on a systematic review and meta-analysis. The article found that exercise programmes in older adults reduced falls while improving physical function, which in turn reduced the number of falls-related injuries. It recommends increasing the effectiveness of exercise-based fall-prevention programmes.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of training on balance performance and fear of falling

16/10/2014

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2014, Vol 8 no 3 p. 143-146

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Date of publication: September 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Balance is a major risk factor in falling and fear of falling, and exercise which challenges balance is the most effective intervention for preventing falls. This study described the effects of a simple home-based balancing training programme on measures of balance performances and fear of falling in community-based older Thai adults.

Length of publication: 3 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.