Implementation of the MEDFRAT to decrease falls in community hospital ERs

19/12/2017

Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article looked to identify and implement and evidence-based fall-risk assessment tool for use in emergency departments in rural areas. The Memorial Emergency Department Fall-Risk Assessment Tool (MEDFRAT) was programmed into the electronic medical record along with interventions that could be selected for two fall-risk levels. The model was found to be a useful framework in the process of implementing evidence-based changes in a rural population, though ongoing follow-ups will determine if the process results in fewer falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Fall risk in women over 50 after distal radius fracture

19/12/2017

Source: Journal of Hand Therapy, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The purpose of this study was to determine changes in overall functional status over the first year after a Distal Radial Fracture in women aged 50 years and older. Seventy-eight women were assessed for balance, balance confidence, lower extremity strength, gait speed, fall history, physical activity levels, and self-reported wrist pain and function at intervals after DRF. Groups of participants aged 50-65 years and 65 years and older were compared. Both groups had the same pattern of recovery, though the older group has a lower functional status which can lead to fall risk.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


STEADI: CDC’s approach to make older adult fall prevention part of every primary care practice

17/10/2017

Source: Journal of Safety Research 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 4th September 2017

Publication type: Journal article 

In a nutshell:  This article looks at an initiative developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed the STEADI to give health care providers the tools they need to help reduce their older adult patient’s risk of a fall.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Fall risk, supports and services, and falls following a nursing home discharge

17/10/2017

Source: The Gerontologist

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 4th September 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study examines whether the presence of supports and services impacts the relationship between fall-related risk factors and fall occurrence post NH discharge.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Quick adjustments during gait are less accurate through focal cerebellar lesions

17/10/2017

Source: Gait & Posture, 2017, Volume 58 p. 390-393

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Online gait corrections are frequently used to restore gait stability and prevent falling. They require shorter response times than voluntary movements which suggests that subcortical pathways contribute to the execution of online gait corrections. To evaluate the cerebellum in these pathways two hypotheses were tested around accuracy of online gait corrections and the pronouncement of differences. The reduced ability to accurately adjust foot placement during walking in individuals with focal cerebellar lesions appears to be a general movement control deficit, which could contribute to increased fall risk.

Length of publication: 3 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Conceptualizing a dynamic fall risk model including intrinsic risks and exposures

17/10/2017

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2017, Online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a major cause of injury and disability in older people, and can lead to various health and social consequences. Accurately understanding and identifying a person’s fall risk is needed to design and provide individual prevention measures, but current fall-risk models are weak compared to risk models for other specialities. Current models, for example, consider risk factors to be stable over time, not reflecting real-life experience. This study therefore posits a dynamic fall-risk model linking time and context. This may lead to the development of new fall prevention interventions.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Balance and fall risk assessments with mobile phone technology

15/09/2017

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: While falls are a major health concern for older adults, preventative measures can help to reduce their incidence and severity; methods for assessing balance and fall risk factors are necessary to implement preventative measures. Mobile applications are being developed to enable seniors, caregivers and clinicians to monitor risks. This systematic review assesses reviews of such apps for their accuracy, reliability and validity. Further research is needed.

Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Accelerometer-measured moderate to vigorous physical activity and incidence rates of falls in older women

15/09/2017

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 

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Date of publication: 29 July 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: To examine whether moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) measured using accelerometry is associated with incident falls and whether associations differ according to physical function or history of falls.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Association between subjective sleep quality and future risk of falls in older people: results from LOHAS

17/08/2017

Source: The Journals of Gerontology

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 17 June 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Inadequate sleep is correlated with morbidity and mortality among older adults. However, the longitudinal relationship between subjective sleep quality and risk of falls in the elderly population remains to be clarified.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Falls-related drug use and risk of falls among older adults: a study in a US Medicare population

14/07/2017

Source: Drugs & Aging

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Date of publication: July 2017, vol. 34 iss. 7, pps 555–565

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of falls relative to use patterns among new and continuing falls-related drug (FRD) users.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Evaluation of falls sensor technology in acute care

14/07/2017

Source: The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Sensor technology that dynamically identifies hospitalized patients’ fall risk and detects and alerts nurses of high-risk patients’ early exits out of bed has potential for reducing fall rates and preventing patient harm. In this study, a sensor was evaluated on two inpatient medical units to study fall characteristics and then to assign patient fall probability. A fall detection sensor system affords a level of surveillance that standard fall alert systems do not have. Fall prevention remains a complex issue, but sensor technology is a viable fall prevention option.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of an ICT-based fall-prevention system in community-dwelling older adults

16/06/2017

Source: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2017, Vol 106 p. 10-25

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A sedentary lifestyle and low levels of physical activity are major factors in fall risk for older adults. ICT-based interventions could possibly counteract the risk for this group, as studies show that such interventions significantly reduce it. However, this population is heterogeneous, and several factors (such as gender, age, fitness and others) may influence the use of these systems. This study analyses the iStoppFalls system, testing effectiveness and usage indicators, among other things.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Attitudes of older people with mild dementia and mild cognitive impairment and their relatives about falls risk and prevention: a qualitative study

16/06/2017

Source: PLOS ONE

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: May 19, 2017 vol. 12 iss. 5

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article explores the perceptions of older people with mild dementia and mild cognitive impairment, and their family carers, about falling, falls risk and the acceptability of falls prevention interventions.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.