Rehabilitation of older people with Parkinson’s disease: an innovative protocol for RCT study to evaluate the potential of robotic-based technologies

03/06/2020

Source: BMC Neurology

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Date of publication: 13 May 2020, Vol. 20 Iss. 186

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Parkinson’s disease is one of the most frequent causes of disability among the older adults. It is a chronic-progressive neuro-degenerative disease, characterized by several motor disorders. Balance disorders are a symptom that involves the body axis and do not respond to dopaminergic therapy used in Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, physiotherapy becomes an important intervention for the management of motor disorders. Originally, these rehabilitative approaches were based on empirical experiences, but several scientific evidences suggests that neuronal plasticity is exercise-dependent. In this context, robotic rehabilitation plays an important role because it allows to perform task-oriented exercises and to increase the number of repetitions and their intensity. This protocol study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of robotic-based intervention of the older adults with Parkinson’s disease, designed to improve the gait and to reduce the risk of falling.

 Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Using electronic health records to enhance predictions of fall risk in inpatient settings

30/03/2020

Source: The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and and Patient Safety

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Date of publication: 12 February 2020

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are the most common adverse events of hospitalized adults. Traditional validated assessment tools have limited ability to accurately detect patients at high risk for falls. The researchers aim to develop an automated comprehensive risk score to enhance the identification of patients at high risk for falls and examine its effectiveness.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall prevention in primary care using chronic disease management plans: A process evaluation of provider and consumer perspectives

03/12/2019

Source:Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

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Date of publication: 3 November 2019

 Publication type: Journal article 

In a nutshell:Falls are an important issue in primary care. General practitioners (GPs) are in a key position to identify older people at risk of falls on their caseload and put preventative plans into action. Chronic Disease Management (CDM) plans allow GPs to refer to allied health practitioners (AHPs) for evidence‐based falls interventions. A previous pilot study reduced falls risk factors using CDM pans with older people at risk of falls. This study aimed to conduct a process evaluation of how the intervention worked in the pilot study for providers and consumers.

 Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Dietary Protein Intake and Falls in older people: longitudinal analyses from the osteoarthritis initiative

25/06/2019

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 

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Date of publication: 8 May 2019

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Literature regarding dietary protein intake and risk of falls is limited to a few studies with relatively small sample sizes and short follow-ups, which have reported contrasting findings. Thus, we investigated whether dietary protein intake is associated with risk of falls in a large cohort of North American adults.

 Length of publication: 14 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


When will my patient fall? Sensor-based in-home walking speed identifies future falls in older adults

25/06/2019

Source: The Journal of Gerontology series A

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Date of publication: 16 May 2019

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Although there are known clinical measures that may be associated with risk of future falls in older adults, we are still unable to predict when the fall will happen. Our objective was to determine whether unobtrusive in-home assessment of walking speed can detect a future fall.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


A systematic review of falls in hospital for patients with communication disability: highlighting an invisible population

18/01/2019

Source: Journal of Safety Research

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Date of publication: 11 December 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell:  Patients with communication disability, associated with impairments of speech, language, or voice, have a three-fold increased risk of adverse events in hospital. However, little research yet examines causal relationship between communication disability and risk for specific adverse events in hospital. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of a patient’s communication disability on their falls risk in hospital.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


The role of enhanced cognition to counteract detrimental effects of prolonged bed rest: current evidence and perspectives

18/01/2019

Source: Frontiers in Physiology 

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Date of publication: 11 December 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Prolonged periods of physical inactivity or bed rest can lead to a significant decline of functional and cognitive functions. Different kinds of countermeasures (e.g. centrifugation, nutritional and aerobic interventions) have been developed to attempt to mitigate negative effects related to bed rest confinement. The aim of this report is to provide an overview of the current evidence related to the effectiveness of computerized cognitive training (CCT) intervention during a period of complete physical inactivity in older adults.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Nutritional status, body mass index, and the risk of falls in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

18/01/2019

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 

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Date of publication: 13 December 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The object of this study is to evaluate the association between nutritional status, defined on the basis of a multidimensional evaluation, and body mass index (BMI) with the risk of falls and recurrent falls in community-dwelling older people

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Foot problems as a risk factor for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

26/10/2018

Source: Maturitas 

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Date of publication: Volume 118, December 2018, Pages 7-14

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Foot problems are common in older people. The objective of this systematic review was to determine whether foot problems increase the risk of falling in community-dwelling older people.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.