Effects of multidirectional and variable-speed body weight supported treadmill training on balance rehabilitation for fall prevention among community-dwelling elderly persons

11/10/2019

Source: ASEAN Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

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Date of publication: 29 August 2019, Vol. 29(2) pps. 45-50

 Publication type: journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of multidirectional and variable-speed body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) in walking and balance rehabilitation for elderly persons with a history of falls or with perceived impaired balance.

 Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Ecological gait as a fall Indicator in older adults: a systematic review

11/10/2019

Source: Gerontologist

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Date of publication: 31 August 2019

 Publication type: journal article

In a nutshell: Falls represent a major threat for elders, affecting their life quality and expectancy. Clinical tests and questionnaires showed low diagnostic value with respect to fall risk. Modern sensor technology allows in-home gait assessments, with the possibility to register older adults’ ecological mobility and, potentially, to improve accuracy in determining fall risk. Hence, we studied the correlation between standardized assessments and ecological gait measures, comparing their ability to identify fall risk and predict prospective falls

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Diabetes, arthritis, urinary incontinence, poor self‐rated health, higher body mass index and lower handgrip strength are associated with falls among community‐dwelling middle‐aged and older adults: Pooled analyses from two cross‐sectional Malaysian datasets

22/08/2019

Source: Geriatrics and Gerontology International

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Date of publication: Vol. 19 Iss. 8 2019, pps. 798 -803

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The identification of risk factors associated with comorbidities and physical fitness might provide pathways for planning therapeutic targets for future falls prevention. Results from large datasets that examined falls risk factors in Asia have been limited. The aim of the present study was to identify the risk factors for falls by pooling data consisting of medical history, physical performance and self‐rated health from two large Malaysian epidemiological studies.

 Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Impact of Social Network on the risk and consequences of injurious falls in older adults

22/08/2019

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 

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Date of publication: 26 June 2019

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A smaller social network is associated with worse health‐related outcomes in older people. We examined the impact of social connections and social support on the risk of injurious fall and on fall‐related functional decline and mortality.

 Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls: nine things to consider before dialling 999

25/06/2019

Source: Nursing and Residential care

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Date of publication: June 2019 Vol. 29 Iss. 6

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Policies of how to deal with falls vary greatly between care homes and staff are not always aware of when it is appropriate to call an ambulance. Catherine Hayes and colleagues report the results of a study on falls policies they carried out in North East England.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Does aquatic exercise improve commonly reported predisposing risk factors to falls within the elderly? A systematic review

08/04/2019

Source: BMC, research in progress

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Date of publication: 22nd February 2019, Vol. 19 iss. 52, pps. 1-16

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: According to the World Health Organization, the elderly are at the highest risk of injury or death from a fall. Age-related changes in strength, balance and flexibility are degenerative factors that may increase the risk of falling, and an aquatic training may offer a favourable environment to improve these modifiable risk factors.

 Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Walking adaptability for targeted fall-risk assessments

08/04/2019

Source: Gait & Posture

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Date of publication: May 2019 Vol. 70, pps. 203-210

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential merit of a walking-adaptability assessment for identifying prospective fallers and risk factors for future falls in a cohort of stroke patients, Parkinson’s disease patients, and controls.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Influence of age and falls incidence on tau guidance of centre of pressure movement during gait initiation

08/04/2019

Source: Gait & Posture

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Date of publication:May 2019, Vol. 70, pps. 104-108

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Prospective balance control can be assessed in terms of the characteristics of a tau-guidance function that summarizes the velocity profile of Centre of Pressure (CoP) movement during gait initiation. This allows the nature of CoP movement to be assessed on a continuum between controlled ‘soft’- and unstable ‘hard’ CoP-motion gap-closure. Previous research has shown less stable movement patterns with harder closures with increasing age, which makes movements more prone to overshooting and could possibly explain the increasing falls risk with age.

The primary research question was ‘what is the relationship between falls incidence and tau-guidance in the mediolateral centre of pressure movements during gait initiation?’ The secondary research question was ‘what are the influences of age and task demands on the variability of tau-guidance characteristics?’.

 Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Association between the discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels and risk of future falls among community-dwelling older adults: The Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcomes in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS)

20/12/2018

Source: Journal of the American medical Directors Association 

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Date of publication: 5 November 2018

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels is often observed among older adults. This study investigated the association of discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels with risk of future falls among community-dwelling older adults.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Interprofessional education model for geriatric falls risk assessment and prevention

20/12/2018

Source: BMJ Open quality

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Date of publication: December 2018, Volume 7, Issue 4

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: One in three people over the age of 65 fall every year, with 1/3 sustaining at least moderate injury. Falls risk reduction requires an interprofessional health team approach. The literature is lacking in effective models to teach students how to work collaboratively in interprofessional teams for geriatric falls prevention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, administration and outcome measures of an education programme to teach principles of interprofessional care for older adults in the context of falls prevention.

 Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The NICE impact on falls and fragility fractures

21/09/2018

Source: National Health Executive 

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Date of publication: 10 August 2018

 Publication type: Article

In a nutshell: A summary and explanation of the NICE impact on falls and fragility fractures.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.