Falls: nine things to consider before dialling 999

25/06/2019

Source: Nursing and Residential care

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Date of publication: June 2019 Vol. 29 Iss. 6

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Policies of how to deal with falls vary greatly between care homes and staff are not always aware of when it is appropriate to call an ambulance. Catherine Hayes and colleagues report the results of a study on falls policies they carried out in North East England.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

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Does aquatic exercise improve commonly reported predisposing risk factors to falls within the elderly? A systematic review

08/04/2019

Source: BMC, research in progress

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Date of publication: 22nd February 2019, Vol. 19 iss. 52, pps. 1-16

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: According to the World Health Organization, the elderly are at the highest risk of injury or death from a fall. Age-related changes in strength, balance and flexibility are degenerative factors that may increase the risk of falling, and an aquatic training may offer a favourable environment to improve these modifiable risk factors.

 Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Walking adaptability for targeted fall-risk assessments

08/04/2019

Source: Gait & Posture

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Date of publication: May 2019 Vol. 70, pps. 203-210

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential merit of a walking-adaptability assessment for identifying prospective fallers and risk factors for future falls in a cohort of stroke patients, Parkinson’s disease patients, and controls.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Influence of age and falls incidence on tau guidance of centre of pressure movement during gait initiation

08/04/2019

Source: Gait & Posture

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Date of publication:May 2019, Vol. 70, pps. 104-108

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Prospective balance control can be assessed in terms of the characteristics of a tau-guidance function that summarizes the velocity profile of Centre of Pressure (CoP) movement during gait initiation. This allows the nature of CoP movement to be assessed on a continuum between controlled ‘soft’- and unstable ‘hard’ CoP-motion gap-closure. Previous research has shown less stable movement patterns with harder closures with increasing age, which makes movements more prone to overshooting and could possibly explain the increasing falls risk with age.

The primary research question was ‘what is the relationship between falls incidence and tau-guidance in the mediolateral centre of pressure movements during gait initiation?’ The secondary research question was ‘what are the influences of age and task demands on the variability of tau-guidance characteristics?’.

 Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Association between the discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels and risk of future falls among community-dwelling older adults: The Locomotive Syndrome and Health Outcomes in Aizu Cohort Study (LOHAS)

20/12/2018

Source: Journal of the American medical Directors Association 

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Date of publication: 5 November 2018

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels is often observed among older adults. This study investigated the association of discrepancy in self-reported and performance-based physical functioning levels with risk of future falls among community-dwelling older adults.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Interprofessional education model for geriatric falls risk assessment and prevention

20/12/2018

Source: BMJ Open quality

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Date of publication: December 2018, Volume 7, Issue 4

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: One in three people over the age of 65 fall every year, with 1/3 sustaining at least moderate injury. Falls risk reduction requires an interprofessional health team approach. The literature is lacking in effective models to teach students how to work collaboratively in interprofessional teams for geriatric falls prevention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, administration and outcome measures of an education programme to teach principles of interprofessional care for older adults in the context of falls prevention.

 Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The NICE impact on falls and fragility fractures

21/09/2018

Source: National Health Executive 

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Date of publication: 10 August 2018

 Publication type: Article

In a nutshell: A summary and explanation of the NICE impact on falls and fragility fractures.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Gait abnormality predicts falls in women after total hip arthroplasty

19/07/2018

Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty

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Date of publication: 6th June 2018

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) have an increased risk of falls during the first year postoperatively. However, risk factors for falls after THA remain unclear. This article investigates the relationship between gait abnormality and falls during the first year after THA.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for the prevention of falls in older people: The REducing falls with orthoses and a multifaceted podiatry intervention trial findings

19/07/2018

Source: Gerontology

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Date of publication: 26th June 2018

 Publication type: journal article

In a nutshell: This article evaluates the cost-effectiveness alongside the REducing Falls with Orthoses and a Multifaceted podiatry intervention (REFORM) trial.

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Differences in Falls between Older adult participants in group exercise and those who exercise alone: a cross-sectional study using Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) aata

19/07/2018

Source: Europe PMC

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Date of publication: 5th July 2018 Vol 15 issue 7

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study examined the difference in falls between older adults who participated in group exercise and those who exercised alone.

 Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.