Hospital admissions due to falls set to rise ‘dramatically’ to 1,000 a day

11/04/2018

Source: LocalGov

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Date of publication: 19th March 2018

 Publication type:  News article

In a nutshell: Councils are asking for more social care funding as hospital admissions due to falls rise.

 Length of publication: One page

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Falls prevention process in assisted living communities

18/01/2018

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

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Date of publication: 19th December 2017 pps. 1-21

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a significant issue for older adults, and many older adults who once received care in nursing homes now reside in assisted living communities (ALCs). ALC staff needs to address resident falls prevention; however, federal or state requirements or oversight are limited. This research explores falls prevention in Wisconsin ALCs in the context of the Kotter Change Model to identify strategies and inform efforts to establish a more consistent, proactive falls prevention process for ALCs.

 Length of publication: 21 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


How slippers could help save the NHS £2.3bn a year

19/12/2017

Source: ITV

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Date of publication: 4th December

Publication type: News items

In a nutshell: Doctors at one of Wales’ biggest hospitals are encouraging people to buy well-fitted slippers as gifts for Christmas to prevent their loved ones falling.

Length of publication: One page


Integrated care for older people : guidelines on community-level interventions to manage declines in intrinsic capacity

20/11/2017

Source: World Health Organization

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Date of publication: 2017

 Publication type: Guideline

In a nutshell: The recommendations provided here on integrated care for older people (ICOPE) offer evidence-based guidance to health care providers on the appropriate approaches at the community level to detect and manage important declines in physical and mental capacities, and to deliver interventions in support of caregivers. These standards can act as the basis for national guidelines and for the inclusion of older people’s health care in primary care programmes, using a person-centred and integrated approach.

 Length of publication: 60 pages

 


Preliminary evaluation of prototype footwear and insoles to optimise balance and gait in older people

17/10/2017

Source: BMC geriatrics

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Date of publication: 11 September 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Footwear has the potential to influence balance in either a detrimental or beneficial manner, and is therefore an important consideration in relation to falls prevention. The objective of this study was to evaluate balance ability and gait patterns in older women while wearing prototype footwear and insoles designed to improve balance.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Does baseline depression increase the risk of unexplained and accidental falls in a cohort of community-dwelling older people? Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA)

15/09/2017

Source: Geriatric Psychiatry 

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Date of publication: 4th August 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This longitudinal study examines the relationship between baseline depression and subsequent falls, both accidental and unexplained, at 2year followup in a cohort of community dwelling adults aged 50 years.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Using chief complaint in addition to diagnosis codes to identify falls in the emergency department

17/08/2017

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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Date of publication: 21 June 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: To compare incidence of falls in an emergency department (ED) cohort using a traditional International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codebased scheme and an expanded definition that included chief complaint information and to examine the clinical characteristics of visits “missed” in the ICD-9-based scheme.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Falls-related drug use and risk of falls among older adults: a study in a US Medicare population

14/07/2017

Source: Drugs & Aging

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Date of publication: July 2017, vol. 34 iss. 7, pps 555–565

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of falls relative to use patterns among new and continuing falls-related drug (FRD) users.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


How to reduce falls: essential reading

17/05/2017

Source: Nursing Times

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Date of publication: 4th April 2017

 Publication type: Editorial 

In a nutshell: One in two women and one in five men over the age of 50 experience fractures, mostly as a result of low bone density.

 Length of publication: One page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Slow processing speed predicts falls in older adults with a falls history: 1-year prospective cohort study

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 

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Date of publication: 8 April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A previous fall is a strong predictor of future falls. Recent epidemiologic data suggest that deficits in processing speed predict future injurious falls. Our primary objective was to determine a parsimonious predictive model of future falls among older adults who experienced ≥1 fall in the past 12 months based on the following categories: counts of (1) total, (2) indoor, (3) outdoor or (4) non-injurious falls; (5) one mild or severe injury fall (yes vs no); (6) an injurious instead of a non-injurious fall; and (7) an outdoor instead of an indoor fall.

 Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


A hierarchical model for recognizing alarming states in a batteryless sensor alarm intervention for preventing falls in older people

17/05/2017

Source: Pervasive and Mobile Computing

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Date of publication: 10th April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are common among older people, especially in hospitals and nursing homes. The combination of pervasive sensing and statistical learning methods is creating new possibilities for automatic monitoring of activities of hospitalized older people to provide targeted and timely supervision by clinical staff to reduce falls. In this paper we introduce a hierarchical conditional random fields model to predict alarming states (being out of the bed or chair) from a passive wearable embodiment of a sensor worn over garment to provide an intervention mechanism to reduce falls. Our approach predicts alarm states in real time and avoids the use of empirically determined heuristics methods alone or in combination with machine learning based models, or multiple cascaded classifiers for generating alarms from activity prediction streams. Instead, the proposed hierarchical approach predicts alarms based on learned relationships between alarms, sensor information and predicted low-level activities. We evaluate the performance of the approach with 14 healthy older people and 26 hospitalized older patients and demonstrate similar or better performance than machine learning based approaches combined with heuristics based methods.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Depressive symptomatology and fall risk among community-dwelling older adults

18/04/2017

Source: Social Science & Medicine, 2017, Vol 178 p. 206-213

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Date of publication: April 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are common among older adults and may be related to depressive symptoms (DS). With advancing age, there is an onset of chronic conditions, sensory impairments, and activity limitations that are associated with falls and with depressive disorders. Prior cross-sectional studies have observed significant associations between DS and subsequent falls as well as between fractures and subsequent clinical depression and DS. Using sophisticated methods and a large U.S. sample, this study found larger magnitudes of effect in the DS-falls relationship than in prior studies—highlighting the risk of falls for older adults with DS.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.