A hierarchical alarm model for elderly fall prevention sensors

17/05/2017

Source: Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: April 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: New technologies allow for automatic monitoring of hospitalised older people, helping clinical staff to supervise to reduce falls. This paper introduces a hierarchical model to predict alarming states in a sensor worn over clothes. The hierarchy predicts levels of danger to warn clinical staff of possible fall danger.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to  find your local NHS Library.


East Lancs Falls Response Service…keeping 900 patients out of hospital

19/12/2016

Source: The Academy of NHS Fabulous Stuff

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Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Website news article

In a nutshell: Based at Burnley Ambulance Station in East Lancashire, an Occupational Therapist (Rachel Bedwell) and North West Ambulance Service paramedic (Gail Smith) respond to 999 and 111 calls triaged as ‘Green code – Falls with no apparent injury’.

The Falls Response Service – a one-of-a-kind in England – has attended 1,272 calls in the past 18 months and the intervention of a qualified OT has kept over 70% of patients in their own home rather than being transported to A&E.

Length of publication: 1 page


Exercise and vitamin D reduce falls among institutionalised frail elderly

19/12/2016

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a serious problem among frail elderly people and prevention is an important health concern. This study compared the frequency of falls among institutionalised residents following different interventions: low-frequency exercise; vitamin supplementation; a combination of both. The results showed that combining the two interventions significantly reduced the risk of falls, whereas the other two groups did not show any significant difference.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Redevelopment of a new patient-centred fall prevention toolkit

23/05/2016

Source: Applied Ergonomics, 2016, Vol 56 p. 117-126

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: An electronic decision support known as Fall TIPS (Tailoring Interventions for Patient Safety) has proven effective in decreasing hospital falls. A paper version was developed for those hospitals without the resources to implement the electronic version, though more work is needed to optimise the effectiveness of the paper version of the tool. This study looks back at the design, which included input from patients and clinical staff to increase its adoption as well as fall prevention best pracices. The redesigned paper toolkit included a clnical decision support system and increased ease of use compared to the original.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find yor local NHS Library.


Patient perceptions with falls during hospitalization and after discharge

14/03/2016

Source: Applied Nursing Research, 2016, Vol 31 p. 79-85

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aims to describe the perceptions of hospitalised older people around their falls risk and fall prevention strategies received while hospitalised, and any instructions they received to prevent possible falls after discharge.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall risk assessment: retrospective analysis of Morse Fall Scale scores

14/03/2016

Source: Applied Nursing Research, 2016, Vol 31 p. 34-40

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The Morse Fall Scale is used in several care settings for fall risk assessment and supports the implementation of preventive nursing interventions. This study aims to analyse its scores to compare patient characteristics, diagnoses and lengths of stay, looking at elderly female patients in Portugal. There were no statistical differences in Morse Fall Scale score between the first and the last assessment.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Video games for senior citizens to prevent falls

16/02/2016

Source: Trustech: the North West NHS innovation service

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Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: An innovation from Trafford Hospitals (CMFT) and the University of Manchester will help to reduce the number of falls in the older population. Exergames utilises Microsoft Kinect gaming technology to help improve strength, co-ordination and movement of its target users; elderly people at risk from falls.

Length of publication: 1 page


Factors contributing to falls in older adults and nursing implications

15/10/2015

Source: Geriatric Nursing, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a common cause of serious injury and death in the older adult population, associated with multiple risks such as age, history of falls, impaired mobility, balance and gait problems, and medications. Sensory and environmental factors as well as the fear of falling may also increase the risk of falls. This article reviews current best practice on screening fall risks and fear of falling, fall prevention strategies, and fall prevention resources to assist gerontological nurses in reducing falls by their older adult clients.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


A novel approach to physical inactivity in older age

16/09/2015

Source: Preventive Medicine Reports, 2015, Volume 2 p. 595-597

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Date of publication: July 2015 (online)

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Well-designed exercise can prevent falls in older people but according to previous research, general physical activity may increase falls. This study evaluated uptake and adherence to a physical activity promotion and falls prevention intervention among older people in the community, aged over 60 years.

Length of publication: 3 pages


Elderly fall patients triaged to the trauma bay

16/09/2015

Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This is a retrospective study looking into falls in the elderly as being a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, to better categorise the patient population and describe factors contributing to their falling. It was carried out at a community trauma centre in geriatric patients who had been triaged to the trauma bay between 2005 and 2013, researching intake paperwork to assess the fall and discharge summaries to determine outcomes. It concluded most severe injuries occur at home, and so prevention measures should be aimed at this setting. Very elderly patients may be at increased risk for intracranial fall-related injuries.

Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Diabetes mellitus end-organ damage as falls risk in hip fracture

10/07/2015

Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aimed to identify differential characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated by end-organ damage who experience a fall-related hip fracture. It showed that a significant amount of patients with clinical evidence of end-organ damage due to T2DM who experience a fall-related hip fracture have a history of recurrent falling in the previous year. These patients should be identified and offered preventive actions aimed at reducing their risk of falling.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall prevention and bathroom safety in the epilepsy monitoring unit

10/07/2015

Source: Epilepsy and Behavior, 2015, Vol 48 p. 75-78

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are one of the most common adverse events in the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) and can results in significant injury. Fall reductions procedures vary between institutions because it is not known which interventions are most effective. This study examined falls and the impact of strategy changes at one institution. Incidents occurring in the bathroom were more likely to result in falls compared to elsewhere; frequency of falls decreased with patient education, hourly nurse rounds, bed alarms and other interventions. No specific intervention could be identified as being high impact.

Length of publication: 3 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Age-related differences in inter-joint coordination during stair walking transitions

15/06/2015

Source: Gait & Posture, 2015, Online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: May 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Using stairs can be difficult and hazardous as locomotor tasks for older people with fall incidents reported frequently. This study looked at inter-joint coordination to provide insights into age-related changes in neuromuscular control of gait that can inform prevention or intervention strategies. The findings suggest that normal aging adults have less independent control of adjacent joints compared to younger adults suggesting they have less flexibility to modulate inter-joints coordination appropriately during stair walking transitions.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Rubber outsole with hybrid surface pattern for preventing icy slips

15/06/2015

Source: Applied Ergonomics, 2015, Vol 51 p. 9-17

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Conventional winter footwear can be effective in preventing slips on icy surfaces, but the protruding studs can also be dangerous and lead to trips instead. A new hybrid rubber outsole containing both rough and smooth parts was designed to provide high slip resistance with any protrusions. Results indicate these were comparable to conventional anti-slip footwear which could contribute to a decrease in fall accidents, but further research is need to confirm effectiveness under a wide range of test conditions.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.