The relationship among falls, rehabilitation outcomes and health services use

13/12/2013

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2013, Vol 14 no 11 p. 832-836

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Date of publication: November 2013

Publication Type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looked at determining the characteristics associated with single and multiple fallers in a post-acute rehabilitation centre. It found that the majority of fallers were older males who were frail and suffered cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms. Multiple fallers were particularly at risk of poor functional recovery and increased health service use. Specific programs targeting these patients should be developed in further studies.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact you local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls prevention in persons with intellectual disabilities

19/08/2013

Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2013, 34(9) p. 2788-2798

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Date of publication: Sep 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: People with intellectual disabilities fall more often than the general populace, but there is no targeted screening for them. This study aimed to develop, implement and evaluate a falls clinic for this group of people. It showed that more time and attention for multifactorial and multidisciplinary treatment of people with intellectual disabilities is necessary, and implementation on a larger scale would enable investigation of the effectiveness of the clinic on this population.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Preventing falls among people living with dementia conference

06/12/2012

Source: Profane website

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Date of publication: October 2012

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: This event is part of the Age UK falls prevention webinar series, previously held as part of the falls prevention week. Professionals are given the chance to find out more about the latest research and good practice in falls prevention. It is aimed at anyone working with older people with dementia.

Length of publication: 1 page


Can depression predict falls in older people?

18/10/2012

Source: Age and Ageing, 2012, 41 (5) p. 606-612

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Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study investigated whether depression can predict falls in community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, in addition to problems with vision, strength and balance. Depressive symptoms were found to be significantly more prevalent in those who experienced one or more falls compared to those who didn’t fall. The findings suggest that interventions to treat depression should be built into falls prevention strategies.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls in older hospital inpatients and the effect of cognitive impairment

08/03/2011

Source: Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2011, 20(1-2), p175-183.

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Date of publication: January 2011

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study compared fall rates among older hospital inpatients with and without cognitive impairment using data from three nationwide studies conducted in Germany between 2005 and 2007 (9,246 patients from 37 hospitals). The resulting data showed that cognitively impaired patients were three times more likely to fall than those without cognitive impairment. Other risk factors included higher age, reduced mobility, greater care dependency and being a geriatric ward patient.

Length of publication: 8 pages


Patient education to prevent falls among older hospital inpatients

01/12/2010

Source: Archives of Internal Medicine, published online 22 November 2010.

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Date of publication: November 2010

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study compared two types of multimedia patient education with usual care for the prevention of falls among in-patients at two Australian hospitals. 401 patients were given the full intervention comprising videos, written materials and one-to-one follow up whilst 424 patients received just the education materials. A third group of 381 patients received usual care comprising checklists, alert systems and risk screening. Data was collected using incident reports, medical records and patient interviews. A total of 247 patient fell during the study period, 97 of which sustained injuries. The study found that the rate of falls per 1,000 days per patient did not differ significantly between the three groups. However, falls were less frequent among cognitively intact patients given the full intervention than among cognitively intact patients receiving just the education materials or those in the control group.

Length of publication: 1 web page

Aknowledgement: Personalised multimedia proram may help prevent falls in patients without cognitive impairment, 23 November 2010, Science Centric


Influence of patients’ mental status on inpatient falls in adult acute care settings

18/08/2010

Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2010, 66(8) p.  1741-1746

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Date of publication: June 2010

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Results of a retrospective research study in the US of fallers’ mental status as one of the patient-related intrinsic risk factors for falls.  Concludes that risk assessment and targeted surveillance should be used as part of falls prevention policy involving nursing staff and family members in assessing a patient’s mental status as this may help to prevent falls caused by mental status deficits.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article.  Follow this link to find your local NHS Library