More laboratory-induced slips occur among obese individuals

14/03/2016

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Slip falls can be serious, estimated to cause 40-50% of all fall related injuries. Epidemiological data indicates that older and obese adults experience more falls than young, non-obese individuals. This study investigated the effects of obesity and age on slip severity from laboratory-induced slips. Obesity did not affect slip distance, slip duration or peak slip speed, but obese individuals were more than eight times more likely to experience a fall than non-obese individuals when adjusting for certain factors. These results indicate that obesity may be a significant risk factor for experiencing slip-induced falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Effect of footwear on foot clearance, slippage and gait in older women

16/12/2015

Source: Gait and Posture, 2016, Vol 44 p. 43-47

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Footwear is likely to be a factor in falls, a major issue affecting older adults’ health. This study investigated the effect of footwear on minimum foot clearance, heel slippage and spatiotemporal variables of gait in community-dwelling older women. The results show that older women should be supported to make footwear choices with optimal fitting features; recommendations of particular styles and features of footwear may assist during falls prevention education to reduce the incidence of foot trips and falls.

Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Strength or power, which is more important to prevent slip-related falls?

15/10/2015

Source: Human Movement Science, 2015, Vol 44  p. 192-200

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: December 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Both muscle strength and muscle power have been related to falls in older adults, and this study aimed to identify which is more important in preventing slip-related falls. Younger adults were chosen to participate in the study. Findings suggested that power could be more closely related to a slip fall. The findings could be used to provide guidance to identify individuals at increased risk of falling and design effective prevention training paradigms aimed at maximising muscle power among older adults and those with disabilities.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Rubber outsole with hybrid surface pattern for preventing icy slips

15/06/2015

Source: Applied Ergonomics, 2015, Vol 51 p. 9-17

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Conventional winter footwear can be effective in preventing slips on icy surfaces, but the protruding studs can also be dangerous and lead to trips instead. A new hybrid rubber outsole containing both rough and smooth parts was designed to provide high slip resistance with any protrusions. Results indicate these were comparable to conventional anti-slip footwear which could contribute to a decrease in fall accidents, but further research is need to confirm effectiveness under a wide range of test conditions.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.