Effects of an ICT-based fall-prevention system in community-dwelling older adults

16/06/2017

Source: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2017, Vol 106 p. 10-25

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Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A sedentary lifestyle and low levels of physical activity are major factors in fall risk for older adults. ICT-based interventions could possibly counteract the risk for this group, as studies show that such interventions significantly reduce it. However, this population is heterogeneous, and several factors (such as gender, age, fitness and others) may influence the use of these systems. This study analyses the iStoppFalls system, testing effectiveness and usage indicators, among other things.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Do statistical models matter for performance criteria of fall prediction in the elderly?

18/01/2016

Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine, 2016, Vol 27 p. 48-56

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Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study compared various performance criteria of different statistical models for fall risk in older community-dwellers. It tested six linear models and three non-linear models, including neuroevolution of augmenting topologies (NEAT) and the adaptive neuro fuzzy interference system (ANFIS). The study found that these latter two had the best performance criteria compared to other models, but sensitivity and specificity were unbalanced, underscoring that these models should be used respectively for the screening of fallers and the diagnosis of recurrent fallers.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


A study on floor wear development: Impact on slip-resistance performance

16/12/2015

Source: Tribology International, 2016, Vol 95 p. 316-323

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Date of publication: March 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looked into the dynamics of wear and tear to pedestrian walkways to understand how wear develops and its impacts on slip-resistant performance. Friction tests were conducted and both qualitative and quantitative investigations carried out by surface analysis and microscopic observation. Changes to the surface were caused by direct and indirect wear which significantly affected slip-resistant function. The study may have potential applications for design improvements of floors and walkways to prevent slip and fall incidents.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow thi slink to find your local NHS Library.


Elderly fall patients triaged to the trauma bay

16/09/2015

Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2015, online

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Date of publication: July 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This is a retrospective study looking into falls in the elderly as being a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, to better categorise the patient population and describe factors contributing to their falling. It was carried out at a community trauma centre in geriatric patients who had been triaged to the trauma bay between 2005 and 2013, researching intake paperwork to assess the fall and discharge summaries to determine outcomes. It concluded most severe injuries occur at home, and so prevention measures should be aimed at this setting. Very elderly patients may be at increased risk for intracranial fall-related injuries.

Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Leisure-Time Physical Activity, Falls, and Fall Injuries in Middle-Aged Adults

16/09/2015

Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2015, online

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Date of publication: July 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Exercise and strength training has been shown to protect older adults, aged 65+, against falls, but evidence is lacking for the role of physical activity during leisure time for middle-aged adults. This means falls tend to be more prevalent and are more likely to result in injury. This study investigated the association between self-reported engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and the frequency of falls and fall-related injuries in middle-aged and older adults.

Length of publication: 1 page


Risk factors of indoor fall injuries in community-dwelling older women: a prospective cohort study

17/04/2015

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

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Date of publication: March-April 2015 vol 60 iss. 2 pps. 259-264

Publication type: journal article

In a nutshell: A study to explore the characteristics and the potential risk factors of indoor fall injuries in community-dwelling older women, and to provide evidence for the future intervention strategy.

Length of publication: five pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Prevention of falls for adults with intellectual disability (PROFAID): a feasibility study

19/03/2015

Source: Disability and Rehabilitation

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Date of publication: 25th February 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A  physiotherapy intervention for people with intellectual disability (ID) to improve balance.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall Factors among the Elderly in a Beijing Urban Community

15/01/2015

Source: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, Vol 27 no 12 p. 939-949

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Date of publication: December 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This cross-sectional study looked into the incidence of falls and recurrent falls and associated factors within these among urban community-dwelling elderly people in Beijing. It found various risk factors for single falls and recurrent falls, as well as ways to lower the risk of both. Falls and their related injuries have been associated with intrinsic as well as extrinsic factors.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Indoor gateball’s influence on life satisfaction and the prevention of falls by the elderly

15/01/2015

Source: Journal of Physical Therapy Science

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Date of publication: 25th December 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell:  A study which investigates the effects of indoor gateball exercise on life satisfaction and the prevention of falls by the elderly.

Length of publication: two pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of training on balance performance and fear of falling

16/10/2014

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2014, Vol 8 no 3 p. 143-146

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Date of publication: September 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Balance is a major risk factor in falling and fear of falling, and exercise which challenges balance is the most effective intervention for preventing falls. This study described the effects of a simple home-based balancing training programme on measures of balance performances and fear of falling in community-based older Thai adults.

Length of publication: 3 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Sarcopenia and falls in community-dwelling elderly subjects in Japan

15/07/2014

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, May 2014, online

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Date of publication: May 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Sarcopenia is characterised by low muscle mass and strength, and low physical performance. This study assessed the association between sarcopenia and falls in the past year in elderly Japanese people in the community. Sarcopenia was found to be associated with falling in elderly people, meaning prevention interventions for sarcopenia may help prevent falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Sleep disturbances and risk of falls in older community-dwelling men

13/03/2014

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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Date of publication: February 1st 2014 62(2) pps. 299-305

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: To test the hypothesis that subjective and objective sleep disturbances are associated with risk of incident falls in older men.

Length of publication: six pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Group leaders’ experiences of a client-centred multidisciplinary falls-prevention programme

24/02/2014

Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

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Date of publication: January 13, 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The prevention of disability and falls should be conducted from a client-centred approach, especially when it includes how individuals learn new strategies in everyday life. In addition, programmes for the prevention of falls need to be multi-professional and multidisciplinary in order to be effective.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

Association of stressful life events with incident falls and fractures in older men

24/02/2014

Source: Age and Ageing

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Date of publication: December 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A study to determine if major life events and/or sudden emotional stress may increase fall and fracture risk.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.