The association between chronic kidney disease, falls, and fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis

03/12/2019

Source: Osteoporosis International

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Date of publication: 12 November 2019

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are more likely to experience falls and fractures due to renal osteodystrophy and the high prevalence of risk factors for falls. However, it is not well established how great the risk is for falls and fractures for the different stages of CKD compared to the general population. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess whether, and in which degree, CKD was associated with falls and fractures in adults. A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library was performed on 7 September 2018. All retrospective, cross-sectional, and longitudinal studies of adults (18 years of older) that studied the association between CKD, fractures, and falls were included. Additional studies were identified by cross-referencing.

 Length of publication: 17 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Home-based prescribed exercise improves balance-related activities in people with Parkinson’s disease and has benefits similar to centre-based exercise: a systematic review

11/10/2019

Source: Journal of Physiotherapy

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Date of publication: October 2019, Vol. 65(4) pps. 189-199

 Publication type: journal article

In a nutshell: In people with Parkinson’s disease, does home-based prescribed exercise improve balance-related activities and quality of life compared with no intervention? Are the effects of home-based exercise similar to those of equivalent centre-based exercise?

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


A systematic review of falls in hospital for patients with communication disability: highlighting an invisible population

18/01/2019

Source: Journal of Safety Research

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Date of publication: 11 December 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell:  Patients with communication disability, associated with impairments of speech, language, or voice, have a three-fold increased risk of adverse events in hospital. However, little research yet examines causal relationship between communication disability and risk for specific adverse events in hospital. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of a patient’s communication disability on their falls risk in hospital.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Nutritional status, body mass index, and the risk of falls in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

18/01/2019

Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 

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Date of publication: 13 December 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The object of this study is to evaluate the association between nutritional status, defined on the basis of a multidimensional evaluation, and body mass index (BMI) with the risk of falls and recurrent falls in community-dwelling older people

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Reducing falls among people living with dementia: a systematic review

26/10/2018

Source: Dementia 

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Date of publication: September 30 2018 pps 1-20

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aims of this study were to describe the published literature related to describing, reducing or preventing fall incidences for people living with dementia including: (1) trends in the total number of intervention and non-intervention studies between 1997 and 2016; (2) the methodological quality of identified intervention studies; and (3) the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls among people living with dementia.

 Length of publication: 20 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Foot problems as a risk factor for falls in community-dwelling older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

26/10/2018

Source: Maturitas 

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Date of publication: Volume 118, December 2018, Pages 7-14

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Foot problems are common in older people. The objective of this systematic review was to determine whether foot problems increase the risk of falling in community-dwelling older people.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Occupational therapy fall prevention interventions for community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review

18/06/2018

Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy

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Date of publication: May 2018 Vol. 72

 Publication type: Journal Article

In a nutshell: In this article the authors updated and broadened a 2008 systematic review examining the evidence for the effectiveness of fall prevention interventions in improving fall-related outcomes, occupational performance, quality of life, and health care facility readmissions for community-dwelling older adults.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Cognitive-based interventions to improve mobility: a systematic review and meta-analysis

16/05/2018

Source: Journal of the American medical Directors Association

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Date of publication: 19th April 2018

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this study was to review the existing literature on cognitive-based interventions aimed at improving mobility in older adults and assess the clinical effectiveness of cognitive interventions on gait performance.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.