The effectiveness of intervention programs for preventing patients from falls

16/06/2017

Source: Kontakt, 2017, online

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Date of publication: May 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This is a review article to summarise the conclusions of different studies about the effectiveness of hospital fall prevention programmes from the last five years. Twelve studies made it into the final review, and the most mentioned strategy was education of patients and staff. Effectiveness depends on factors like compliance, leadership, team training and IT support, amongst others.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Dance movement therapy and falls prevention

16/06/2017

Source: Maturitas, 2017, Vol 102 p. 1-5

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Dance is a popular form of physical activity among older people which may improve various health outcomes in this population such as balance, gait and muscle performance. This study conducted a systematic review considering all RCTs investigating if dance can reduce falls and improve fear of falling in older adults. In two out of three RCTs, dancing improved this. However, there is a paucity of studies on dancing and falls, so the evidence is preliminary and equivocal.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this lik to find your local NHS Library.


Knowledge, behavioural practices, and experiences of outdoor fallers: implications for prevention programs

16/06/2017

Source: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2017, Vol 72 p. 19-24

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September-October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls prevention has been well-studied, but the focus is usually on indoor falls rather than outdoor. Older adults’ knowledge of outdoor risk factors and fall prevention practices have not been examined. This study sought to fill that gap and inform the development of a prevention program by exploring experiences of older adults.

Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The effect of complex falls prevention interventions on falls in residential aged care settings: a systematic review protocol.

17/03/2017

Source:  JBI Database of Systematic Reviews

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 2017 February vol. 15 is. 2 pps. 236-244

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of complex falls prevention interventions on fall reductions in the residential aged care population, implemented at two or more of the following levels: organization, facility or resident.Specifically the review question is: What is the effect of complex falls prevention interventions on falls in residential aged care settings?

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


The efficacy of fall-risk-increasing drug (FRID) withdrawal for the prevention of falls and fall-related complications: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

17/03/2017

Source: BioMed Central Systematic Reviews

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 20 February 2017

 Publication type:  Journal article

In a nutshell: Despite limited evidence of effectiveness, withdrawal (discontinuation or dose reduction) of high risk medications known as “fall-risk increasing drugs” (FRIDs) is typically conducted as a fall prevention strategy based on presumptive benefit. Our objective is to determine the efficacy of fall-risk increasing drugs (FRIDs) withdrawal on the prevention of falls and fall-related complications.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Postural stability in older adults with Alzheimer disease

17/03/2017

Source: Physical Therapy

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Date of publication: 16 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The prevalence of adults with Alzheimer disease (AD) aged >65 years is increasing and estimated to quadruple by 2051. The aim of this study was to investigate postural stability in people with mild to moderate AD and factors contributing to postural instability compared with healthy peers (controls).

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Experiences of health care for older people who need support to live at home: a systematic review of the qualitative literature

21/02/2017

Source: Geriatric Nursing

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Date of publication: 2nd January 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Perceived experiences of health care for older people who need support to live at home can illuminate areas needing improvement in quality of care, and guide towards better ways to support ageing populations to live at home. This systematic review synthesized findings from the qualitative literature about perceived experiences of health care for older people who need support to live at home, from the perceptions of older people, carers and health providers.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community

19/12/2016

Source: The Cochrane Library

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: 4th November 2016

 Publication type: Systematic Reviews

In a nutshell: The aim of this review is to assess the effects (benefits and harms) of exercise interventions for preventing fall s in older people living in the community.

 Length of publication: 15 pages


Effectiveness of falls prevention programs for reducing diabetic risk factors

17/11/2016

Source: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that increases falls risk in the elderly. Prevention programs with a component of weight-bearing exercises are effective in decreasing future falls. However, weight-bearing exercise was only recently recommended in guidelines for exercise for these patients. There have since been many studies evaluating the effectiveness of such programs on this population. Evidence suggests that people with T2DM and DPN can improve their balance and walking after a targeted multicomponent program, though it is yet unknown whether they resulted in a decreased falls risk in the community.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contract your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Implementing guidelines in nursing homes: a systematic review

15/09/2016

Source: BioMed Central

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 25th July 2016

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of interventions to improve the implementation of guidelines in nursing homes.

 Length of publication: 12 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Implementing exercise programs to prevent falls: systematic descriptive review

15/08/2016

Source: Injury Epidemiology

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016 Vol. 3 Iss. 16

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends exercise to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 65 years at increased fall risk. However, little is known about how best to implement exercise programs in routine care when a patient’s need for exercise is identified within the healthcare system.

Length of publication: 18 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Risk factors for falls in people with lower limb amputation

15/08/2016

Source: PM&R, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This systematic review looked at the evidence connecting risk factors to falls in adults with a lower limb amputation. Risk factors include muscle weakness, increasing age, prescription medications and comorbidities. Risk factors specifically for amputees included reduced vibration sense. It found that falls are common from the time of amputation to years later in the community. Risk factors vary across care settings which has implications for safety and fall prevention strategies.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Cross-cultural validation of the falls efficacy scale international in elderly

21/04/2016

Source: Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2016, online

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Date of publication: March 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aimed to describe the psychometric properties of cultural adaptations of the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) in the elderly dwelling in the community. It used a systematic literature review to look into the question. The FES-I is considered acceptable, understandable to measure the fear of falling in the elderly, valid, reliable and comparable cross—culturally, so it is recommended in rehabilitation research, clinical trials and practice, and in fall-prevention programmes in the elderly.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


A critical review of the effectiveness of environmental assessment and modification in the prevention of falls amongst community dwelling older people

17/11/2015

Source: British Journal of Occupational Therapy

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Date of publication: 2 November 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This paper compares and contrasts two systematic reviews, which include meta-analyses, of environmental interventions for falls prevention in community dwelling older people, using the critical appraisal skills programme tool for systematic reviews.

 Length of publication: 12 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.