Vitamin D for physical performance/osteoporosis in older African Americans

18/01/2018

Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2018, Vol 65 p. 39-45

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone loss, poor muscle strength, falls and fracture. This information in older African Americans (AAs) is sparse. This RCT examined the effect of vitamin D on bone loss and physical performance in older AA women. This is the first study to show an association between free 25OHD and physical performance. These findings indicate a positive relationship of free 25OHD with gait speed and grip strength in older AA women. Further studies are needed to understand the role of free 25OHD.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Medium doses of daily vitamin D decrease falls and higher doses of daily vitamin D3 increase falls: a randomized clinical trial

18/04/2017

Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 

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Date of publication: 18th March 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looks at the effect of vitamin D on serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and data on falls was collected as a secondary outcome.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


The role of vitamin D in maintaining bone health in older people

17/03/2017

Source: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 14 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review summarises aspects of vitamin D metabolism, the consequences of vitamin D deficiency, and the impact of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older age.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Exercise and vitamin D reduce falls among institutionalised frail elderly

19/12/2016

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2016, online

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Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a serious problem among frail elderly people and prevention is an important health concern. This study compared the frequency of falls among institutionalised residents following different interventions: low-frequency exercise; vitamin supplementation; a combination of both. The results showed that combining the two interventions significantly reduced the risk of falls, whereas the other two groups did not show any significant difference.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D Treatment for the Prevention of Functional Decline

18/01/2016

Source: JAMA Internal Medicine, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This RCT looked into the effectiveness of high-dose vitamin D in lowering the risk of functional decline. It found that although higher monthly doses of vitamin D were effective in reaching a threshold of at least 30 ng/mL of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, they had no benefit on lower extremity function and were associated with increased risk of falls compared with 24 000 IU.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Vitamin D and sarcopenia/falls

10/07/2015

Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Sarcopenia involves loss of muscle mass as the body ages, and evidence suggests that vitamin D is important for muscle structure and function: maintenance of adequate vitamin D status is therefore a stratagem to consider for sarcopenia prevention and treatment. This article summarises the potential effects of vitamin D on muscle structure and function and provides guidance for vitamin D supplementation in prevention and treatment of sarcopenia and falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.