Medium doses of daily vitamin D decrease falls and higher doses of daily vitamin D3 increase falls: a randomized clinical trial

18/04/2017

Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 18th March 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looks at the effect of vitamin D on serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and data on falls was collected as a secondary outcome.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

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The role of vitamin D in maintaining bone health in older people

17/03/2017

Source: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 14 February 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review summarises aspects of vitamin D metabolism, the consequences of vitamin D deficiency, and the impact of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older age.

 Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Exercise and vitamin D reduce falls among institutionalised frail elderly

19/12/2016

Source: International Journal of Gerontology, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a serious problem among frail elderly people and prevention is an important health concern. This study compared the frequency of falls among institutionalised residents following different interventions: low-frequency exercise; vitamin supplementation; a combination of both. The results showed that combining the two interventions significantly reduced the risk of falls, whereas the other two groups did not show any significant difference.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D Treatment for the Prevention of Functional Decline

18/01/2016

Source: JAMA Internal Medicine, 2016, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This RCT looked into the effectiveness of high-dose vitamin D in lowering the risk of functional decline. It found that although higher monthly doses of vitamin D were effective in reaching a threshold of at least 30 ng/mL of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, they had no benefit on lower extremity function and were associated with increased risk of falls compared with 24 000 IU.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Vitamin D and sarcopenia/falls

10/07/2015

Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Sarcopenia involves loss of muscle mass as the body ages, and evidence suggests that vitamin D is important for muscle structure and function: maintenance of adequate vitamin D status is therefore a stratagem to consider for sarcopenia prevention and treatment. This article summarises the potential effects of vitamin D on muscle structure and function and provides guidance for vitamin D supplementation in prevention and treatment of sarcopenia and falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Exercise, but not vitamin D, cuts injuries from falls in older women

17/04/2015

Source: HealthDay

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: March 23rd 2015

Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A study which shows that neither routine exercise nor vitamin D supplementation does anything to lower the overall risk for accidental falls among older women.

Length of publication: one page


Health Quality and Safety Commission New Zealand’s 10 Topics resource

16/10/2014

Source: Health Quality & Safety Commission New Zealand

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: September 2014

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: These are a variety of resources produced by Health Quality and Safety Commission New Zealand, which are aimed at both carers of those at risk of falls and health professionals who deal with such people. Each link has an interactive PDF attached and some have extra resources on their individual pages.

Length of publication: 1 page


Dietary protein/vitamin D in maintaining musculoskeletal health in postmenopausal women

18/09/2014

Source: Maturitas, 2014, Vol 79 no 1 p. 122-132

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Postmenopausal women over 50 years of age have an increased risk of sarcopenia and osteoporosis because of deterioration of musculoskeletal health. These disorders both increase the risk of falling and fractures. The disorders can easily be curbed by a health and active lifestyle, including intake of protein, vitamin D and calcium as well as physical activity. These will all build bone and muscle strength and will lead to less likelihood of falls.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link tofind your local NHS Library.


Prospective evaluation of renal function, serum vitamin D level, and risk of fall and fracture in community-dwelling elderly subjects

16/04/2014

Source: Osteoporosis International

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: March 2014 25(3) 923-932

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The link of vitamin D deficiency with the risk of falls in noninstitutionalized elderly subjects .

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Prevention of falls in old people – a review

21/10/2013

Source: Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 2013, Vol 23 no 3 p. 206-222

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: August 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article looks at how fall preventive programmes can prevent falls in older people.

Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effectiveness of the Chaos Falls Clinic programme in preventing falls

17/06/2013

Source: Injury, online

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: April 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Multifactorial falls interventions may result in a significant reduction in falls, but their effectiveness at reducing injuries in centre-based falls clinics is unclear. This randomised controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of a multifactorial falls prevention programme on the rate of falls and related injuries on home-based older people. The programme was found to be effective in preventing falls in older adults, reducing the rate of falls and injuries by up to 30%.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Prevention of falls in the elderly: a review

18/03/2013

Source: Osteoporosis International, 2013, 24 (3), p. 747-762

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: March 2013

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The elderly proportion of society increases, and with it, the frequency of falls, which can result in a number of medical problems. This review identifies randomised controlled trials that have shown to be most effective in reducing falls. These include exercise programmes with several different types of training, anti-slip footwear and nutritional supplements.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Interventions for preventing falls in older people in the community

18/10/2012

Source: The Cochrane Library

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: September 2012

Publication type: Review

In a nutshell: This is an update of a review first published in 2009. This compares 159 trials for falls prevention interventions, including multifactorial interventions, group and home-based exercise, vitamin D supplementation, Tai Chi and other factors.

Length of publication: 404 pages (a 4 page summary is available)

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall prevention and vitamin D in the elderly: an overview of the key role of the non-bone effects

01/12/2010

Source: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation, 7(50), 2010.

Follow this link for the full text

Date of publication: October 2010

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review examined the falls literature over a fifteen year period. The effects of vitamin D on muscles and the central nervous system are discussed as major factors in reducing fall and bone fracture rates. Based on this evidence, the authors recommend prescribing elderly patients 800 IU of vitamin D daily and the integration of vitamin D supplementation into primary and secondary fall prevention strategies.

Length of publication: 1 web page

Aknowledgement: New research on falls prevention, 16 November 2010, National Council on Aging website