The effects of haptic input on biomechanical and neurophysiological parameters of walking

15/09/2017

Source: Gait and Posture, 2107, Vol 58 p. 232-239

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Walking requires sensorimotor integration to be successful. Adding haptic input via light touch or anchors has been shown to improve standing balance, but its effects on walking are not clear. This scoping review summarises the current evidence for haptic input on walking in adults. Results show that adding haptic input changes walking behaviour. In particular, there is an immediate reduction in variability of gait step parameters and whole body stability, as well as a decrease in lower limb muscle activity. However, more investigation is needed.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

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Falling while walking: a hidden contributor to pedestrian injury

17/03/2017

Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2017, online

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Date of publication: February 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This Australian study looks at the fall risk to pedestrians, given how beneficial and sustainable walking is as a mode of transport. Falling while walking may be a significant contributor to pedestrian injuries (the World Health Organisation has identified falls as the second-leading cause of unintentional injury death in older people) but little research has looked into this issue.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Multicomponent training improves balance, strength in type 2 diabetes, peripheral neuropathy

17/11/2016

Source: Endocrine Today

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Date of publication: October 17, 2016

 Publication type: News item

In a nutshell: A targeted multicomponent program that includes functional strengthening exercises, walking, aerobics or tai chi can improve balance and strength for adults with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy, but long-term data are insufficient to determine whether any improvements reduce the risk for falls, according to researchers.

 Length of publication: One page


Can toe-ground footwear margin alter swing-foot ground clearance?

15/06/2015

Source: Gait & Posture, 2015, online

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Date of publication: May 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Greater swing foot-ground clearance is functional for tripping prevention, as trips frequently occur due to the lowest part of the shoe contacting the walking surface. Shoe design effects on swing foot-ground clearance are, therefore, important considerations. Increasing swing ankle dorsiflexion can maximise the space between the ground and the toe, which is effective for tripping prevention. However, further research is needed.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Can stability predict an impending slip-related fall among older adults?

17/12/2014

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2014, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2014

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The main purpose of this study was to test various types of stability as to whether they could predict falls during normal walking in community-dwelling older adults. Full motion-capture was used in conjunction with safety harnesses to test the various parameters. The study found that few variables could differentiate fallers from non- fallers.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.