Falls Prevention Horizon Scanning Bulletin Volume 8 Issue 1

18/01/2018
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Vitamin D for physical performance/osteoporosis in older African Americans

18/01/2018

Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials, 2018, Vol 65 p. 39-45

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2018

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone loss, poor muscle strength, falls and fracture. This information in older African Americans (AAs) is sparse. This RCT examined the effect of vitamin D on bone loss and physical performance in older AA women. This is the first study to show an association between free 25OHD and physical performance. These findings indicate a positive relationship of free 25OHD with gait speed and grip strength in older AA women. Further studies are needed to understand the role of free 25OHD.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Step length determines minimum toe clearance in older adults and people with Parkinson’s disease

18/01/2018

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: December 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Reduced foot clearance when walking may increase the risk of trips and falls in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Changes in foot clearance in PD are likely to be associated with temporal-spatial characteristics of gait such as walking slowly which evokes alterations in the temporal-spatial control of stepping patterns. Enhancing the understanding of the temporal-spatial determinants of foot clearance may inform the design of falls prevention therapies. Results suggest step length is the primary determinant of MTC regardless of pathology. Interventions that focus on increasing step length may help to reduce the risk of trips and falls during gait, however, clinical trials are required for robust evaluation.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Nurses’ perceptions of preventing falls for patients with dementia in the acute hospital setting

18/01/2018

Source: Australaisn Journal of Ageing

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: December 2017 Vol. 36(4) pps. e70-e74

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this analysis was to explore nurses’ perspectives regarding fall prevention for patients with dementia in an acute care setting.

 Length of publication: 4 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Fall risk assessment tools for use among older adults in long-term care settings: A systematic review of the literature

18/01/2018

Source: Australasian Journal of Ageing

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 23 November 2017 pps. 1-11

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this article is to conduct a systematic review of published fall risk assessment tools (FRATs) tested for predictive validity among older adults in long-term care (LTC).

 Length of publication: 11 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Impact of fear of falling and fall history on disability incidence among older adults: prospective cohort study

18/01/2018

Source: Geriatric Psychiatry 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: November 2017 pps. 1-5

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study examined the impact of FOF and fall history on disability
incidence among communitydwelling older adults from a prospective cohort study.

 Length of publication: 5 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


A palliative approach to falls in advanced dementia

18/01/2018

Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 11 December 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review looks at the common challenges and pitfalls in both the management of falls and the provision of palliative care in advanced dementia.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Predicting use of outdoor fall prevention strategies: considerations for prevention practices

18/01/2018

Source: Journal of Applied gerontology

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 6th December 2017 pps. 1-16

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell:  Outdoor falls are just as common as indoor falls, but have received less attention in research and practice. Behavioral strategies play an important role in outdoor fall prevention. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of strategy use.

 Length of publication: 16 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Falls prevention process in assisted living communities

18/01/2018

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

Follow this link for the abstract 

Date of publication: 19th December 2017 pps. 1-21

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a significant issue for older adults, and many older adults who once received care in nursing homes now reside in assisted living communities (ALCs). ALC staff needs to address resident falls prevention; however, federal or state requirements or oversight are limited. This research explores falls prevention in Wisconsin ALCs in the context of the Kotter Change Model to identify strategies and inform efforts to establish a more consistent, proactive falls prevention process for ALCs.

 Length of publication: 21 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Booby-trapped obstacle course trains older people not to fall

18/01/2018

Source: New Scientist 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: 21 December 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: An obstacle course has been created to train older people how not to fall.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Further dissemination

18/01/2018

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