Effects of an ICT-based fall-prevention system in community-dwelling older adults

16/06/2017

Source: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2017, Vol 106 p. 10-25

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: October 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A sedentary lifestyle and low levels of physical activity are major factors in fall risk for older adults. ICT-based interventions could possibly counteract the risk for this group, as studies show that such interventions significantly reduce it. However, this population is heterogeneous, and several factors (such as gender, age, fitness and others) may influence the use of these systems. This study analyses the iStoppFalls system, testing effectiveness and usage indicators, among other things.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Effects of vibration training in reducing risk of slip-related falls among young adults with obesity

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of Biomechanics, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: April 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study examined the effects of controlled whole-body vibration training on reducing risk of slip-related falls in obese people. Twenty-three young adults with obesity were randomly assigned into either the vibration or placebo group. Both groups were also exposed to a standardized slip induced by a treadmill during gait prior to and following the training. Dynamic stability and fall incidences responding to the slip were also assessed. The results indicated that vibration training significantly increased the muscle strength and improved dynamic stability control at recovery touchdown after the slip occurrence. Vibration-based training could be a promising alternative or additional modality to active exercise-based fall prevention programs for people with obesity.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


A hierarchical alarm model for elderly fall prevention sensors

17/05/2017

Source: Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2017, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: April 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: New technologies allow for automatic monitoring of hospitalised older people, helping clinical staff to supervise to reduce falls. This paper introduces a hierarchical model to predict alarming states in a sensor worn over clothes. The hierarchy predicts levels of danger to warn clinical staff of possible fall danger.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to  find your local NHS Library.


Experiences with fall prevention technology within nursing homes

27/01/2017

Source: Geriatric Nursing, 2016, Online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: December 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This joint US and Dutch study investigated how existing fall prevention technology was experienced within nursing home nurses’ environment and workflow. Two case reports were constructed from interview and observational data comparing the magnitude of falls, safety cultures and technology characteristics/effectiveness. Across cases, 1) a coordinated communication system was essential in facilitating effective fall prevention alert response, and 2) nursing home safety culture is tightly associated with the chosen technological system.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to fid your local NHS Library.


CSP launches updated Falls Prevention Economic Model online

15/09/2016

Source: Chartered Society of Physiotherapists, 2016, online

Follow this link for the article

Date of publication: August 2016

Publication type: Website news item

In a nutshell: The latest version of the Falls Prevention Economic Model, with fresh data and research, is now live on the CSP’s website. It shows that across the UK there is potential to save 160,000 falls each year, equating to a cost saving of £25.2 million to NHS services. The CSP has produced a detailed guide to accompany the relaunched model. The guide includes examples of people using the model and is also available on the society’s website.

Length of publication: 1 page


Evaluation of the clinical utility of the Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool (HOME FAST)

15/08/2016

Source: Disability and Rehabilitation 

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: July 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The HOME FAST was developed and trialled in Australia as a screening tool designed to be used by any health professional to identify older people at increased risk of falls and to facilitate referral for more detailed assessment and intervention. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of the HOME FAST from the perspective of users.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Semi-supervised near-miss fall detection for ironworkers with a wearable inertial measurement unit

21/06/2016

Source: Automation in Construction, 2016, Vol 68 p. 194-202

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Accidental falls are the leading cause of injury and death in construction work. Near misses can provide valuable data about the causes as a proactive prevention measure, but collecting information can be challenging. This study aims to develop a method to automatically collect such data using wearable inertial measurement units, which could ultimately prevent fall accidents.

Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Redevelopment of a new patient-centred fall prevention toolkit

23/05/2016

Source: Applied Ergonomics, 2016, Vol 56 p. 117-126

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: An electronic decision support known as Fall TIPS (Tailoring Interventions for Patient Safety) has proven effective in decreasing hospital falls. A paper version was developed for those hospitals without the resources to implement the electronic version, though more work is needed to optimise the effectiveness of the paper version of the tool. This study looks back at the design, which included input from patients and clinical staff to increase its adoption as well as fall prevention best pracices. The redesigned paper toolkit included a clnical decision support system and increased ease of use compared to the original.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find yor local NHS Library.


Fall risk assessment: retrospective analysis of Morse Fall Scale scores

14/03/2016

Source: Applied Nursing Research, 2016, Vol 31 p. 34-40

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: August 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The Morse Fall Scale is used in several care settings for fall risk assessment and supports the implementation of preventive nursing interventions. This study aims to analyse its scores to compare patient characteristics, diagnoses and lengths of stay, looking at elderly female patients in Portugal. There were no statistical differences in Morse Fall Scale score between the first and the last assessment.

Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Fall prevention intervention technologies

16/02/2016

Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2016, Vol 59 p. 319-345

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: February 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This article gives a broad overview of all the technologies available to deliver more effective fall prevention interventions, presenting a conceptual framework proposing four broad categories of fall-prevention intervention system: pre-fall prevention, post-fall prevention, fall injury prevention and cross-fall prevention. Recommendations in response to challenges identified, as well as future research directions, are proposed.

Length of publication: 26 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Video games for senior citizens to prevent falls

16/02/2016

Source: Trustech: the North West NHS innovation service

Follow this link for information

Date of publication: January 2016

Publication type: Website

In a nutshell: An innovation from Trafford Hospitals (CMFT) and the University of Manchester will help to reduce the number of falls in the older population. Exergames utilises Microsoft Kinect gaming technology to help improve strength, co-ordination and movement of its target users; elderly people at risk from falls.

Length of publication: 1 page


A study on floor wear development: Impact on slip-resistance performance

16/12/2015

Source: Tribology International, 2016, Vol 95 p. 316-323

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: March 2016

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study looked into the dynamics of wear and tear to pedestrian walkways to understand how wear develops and its impacts on slip-resistant performance. Friction tests were conducted and both qualitative and quantitative investigations carried out by surface analysis and microscopic observation. Changes to the surface were caused by direct and indirect wear which significantly affected slip-resistant function. The study may have potential applications for design improvements of floors and walkways to prevent slip and fall incidents.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow thi slink to find your local NHS Library.


Factors contributing to falls in older adults and nursing implications

15/10/2015

Source: Geriatric Nursing, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: September 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a common cause of serious injury and death in the older adult population, associated with multiple risks such as age, history of falls, impaired mobility, balance and gait problems, and medications. Sensory and environmental factors as well as the fear of falling may also increase the risk of falls. This article reviews current best practice on screening fall risks and fear of falling, fall prevention strategies, and fall prevention resources to assist gerontological nurses in reducing falls by their older adult clients.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Vitamin D and sarcopenia/falls

10/07/2015

Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 2015, online

Follow this link for the abstract

Date of publication: June 2015

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Sarcopenia involves loss of muscle mass as the body ages, and evidence suggests that vitamin D is important for muscle structure and function: maintenance of adequate vitamin D status is therefore a stratagem to consider for sarcopenia prevention and treatment. This article summarises the potential effects of vitamin D on muscle structure and function and provides guidance for vitamin D supplementation in prevention and treatment of sarcopenia and falls.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.