A falls prevention programme to improve quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older people receiving home help services: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

15/09/2017

Source: BMC Health Services Research

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Date of publication: 14th August 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine the effect of a falls prevention programme on quality of life, physical function and falls efficacy in older adults receiving home help services. A secondary aim is to explore the mediating factors between falls prevention and health-related quality of life.

Length of publication: 9 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 

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Perturbation-based balance training for falls reduction among older adults: current evidence and implications for clinical practice

17/08/2017

Source: Geriatrics & Gerontology International

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Date of publication: 16 June 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are a leading cause of injury, hospitalization and even death among older adults. Although various strength and balance exercise interventions have shown moderate reductions in falls incidence among healthy older adults, no significant falls incidence improvements have been consistently seen in frail older adults or in patient groups with an increased falls risk (e.g. people with Parkinson’s disease and stroke). This might be due to a lack of task specificity of previous exercise interventions to the recovery actions required to prevent a fall.

 Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Light system, shoe insert win falls prevention contest

17/08/2017

Source: McKnight’s Senior Living

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Date of publication: 14 June 2017

 Publication type: News article

In a nutshell: An automated light system and a shoe insert won top prizes at a recent event designed to find new ways to prevent falls among older adults.

 Length of publication: One page

 


Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for falls prevention in older people: a multicentre cohort randomised controlled trial (the REducing Falls with ORthoses and a Multifaceted podiatry intervention trial).

17/08/2017

Source: Health Technology Assessment

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Date of publication: May 2017 21(24)

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study is todetermine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for preventing falls in community-dwelling older people at risk of falling, relative to usual care.

 Length of publication: 232 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Association between subjective sleep quality and future risk of falls in older people: results from LOHAS

17/08/2017

Source: The Journals of Gerontology

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Date of publication: 17 June 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Inadequate sleep is correlated with morbidity and mortality among older adults. However, the longitudinal relationship between subjective sleep quality and risk of falls in the elderly population remains to be clarified.

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Does perturbation training prevent falls after discharge from stroke rehabilitation?

14/07/2017

Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebro-Vascular Diseases, 2017, online

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Date of publication: June 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Individuals with stroke fall frequently, and no exercise intervention has been shown to prevent falls post stroke. Perturbation-based balance training (PBT), which involves practicing reactions to instability, shows promise for preventing falls in older adults and individuals with Parkinson’s disease. This study aimed to determine if PBT during inpatient stroke rehabilitation can prevent falls after discharge into the community. These findings suggest that PBT is promising for reducing falls post stroke. While this was not a randomized controlled trial, this study may provide sufficient evidence for implementing PBT in stroke rehabilitation practice.

Length of publication: 1 page

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.


Analysis of effects and usage indicators for a ICT-based fall prevention system in community dwelling older adults

14/07/2017

Source: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies

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Date of publication: Volume 106, October 2017, pps. 10–25

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This paper will provide a better understanding of the effectiveness of ICT-based fall prevention for different subgroups and the indicators that determine the use of such technologies by older adults.

Length of publication: 15 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Facilitators of attendance and adherence to group-based physical activity for older adults: a literature synthesis .

14/07/2017

Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 

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Date of publication: May 2017 vol. 22 pps. 1-39

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review examines program features that influence attendance and adherence to group-based physical activity (PA) by older adults.

Length of publication: 39 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Falls-related drug use and risk of falls among older adults: a study in a US Medicare population

14/07/2017

Source: Drugs & Aging

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Date of publication: July 2017, vol. 34 iss. 7, pps 555–565

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of falls relative to use patterns among new and continuing falls-related drug (FRD) users.

Length of publication: 10 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 

 


Facilitators of attendance and adherence to group-based physical activity for older adults: a literature synthesis

16/06/2017

Source: Human Kinetic journals

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Date of publication: 2nd May 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This review examines program features that influence attendance and adherence to group-based physical activity (PA) by older adults.

Length of publication: 39 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Slow processing speed predicts falls in older adults with a falls history: 1-year prospective cohort study

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 

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Date of publication: 8 April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: A previous fall is a strong predictor of future falls. Recent epidemiologic data suggest that deficits in processing speed predict future injurious falls. Our primary objective was to determine a parsimonious predictive model of future falls among older adults who experienced ≥1 fall in the past 12 months based on the following categories: counts of (1) total, (2) indoor, (3) outdoor or (4) non-injurious falls; (5) one mild or severe injury fall (yes vs no); (6) an injurious instead of a non-injurious fall; and (7) an outdoor instead of an indoor fall.

 Length of publication: 8 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Using Tai Chi to reduce fall risk factors among older adults: an evaluation of a community-based implementation

17/05/2017

Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology

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Date of publication: 11th April 2017

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: This study aimed to evaluate a community-based implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention program, in which 131 individuals participated in Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance. Self-report and functional performance assessments included demographics, health and fall history, the Activities-Specific Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Functional Reach test. Pre–post scores were compared with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The mostly female participants were 73 years old, on average. At baseline, 18% reported being afraid or very afraid of falling, and 18% had fallen in the past 6 months. At follow-up, there was significant improvement in Timed Up and Go (p < .001), Functional Reach (p < .01), and Activities-Specific Balance Scale scores (p < .01). These results demonstrate that a 12-week evidence-based Tai Chi program can be feasibly implemented by novice instructors, is well-received by older adults, and can effectively reduce fall risk when implemented in community settings.

 Length of publication: 17 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Responsiveness of gait speed to physical exercise interventions in at-risk older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

17/05/2017

Source: Annals of geriatric medicine and Research 

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Date of publication: march 2017 vol. 21 iss. 1 pps. 17-23

 Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: In at-risk older adults, gait speed is an important factor associated with quality of life and falling risk. This study assesses whether therapeutic exercise could improve gait speed.

 Length of publication: 6 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.

 


Depressive symptomatology and fall risk among community-dwelling older adults

18/04/2017

Source: Social Science & Medicine, 2017, Vol 178 p. 206-213

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Date of publication: April 2017

Publication type: Journal article

In a nutshell: Falls are common among older adults and may be related to depressive symptoms (DS). With advancing age, there is an onset of chronic conditions, sensory impairments, and activity limitations that are associated with falls and with depressive disorders. Prior cross-sectional studies have observed significant associations between DS and subsequent falls as well as between fractures and subsequent clinical depression and DS. Using sophisticated methods and a large U.S. sample, this study found larger magnitudes of effect in the DS-falls relationship than in prior studies—highlighting the risk of falls for older adults with DS.

Length of publication: 7 pages

Some important notes: Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library.